JAEES
Print ISSN:   2545-5176
Online ISSN: 2714-5018
Menu Home About Scope Editorial Board Publication List June 2021 Edition  Authors Downloads FAQ Contact

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact the undersigned authors.

DOWNLOAD COVER PAGE: VOLUME 7 - ISSUE 1, SEPTEMBER 2020 EDITION




ADOPTION TREND OF IMPROVED OIL PALM FRUIT PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY IN KOGI STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors: ADAH O.C,. AKOR J. A., ADEMU A.

Abstracts: The study analyzed the adoption trend of improved oil palm fruit processing technology in Kogi State, Nigeria (2007-2011). Using multistage sampling procedure, a sample of 240 oil palm fruit processors was selected from three out of four agricultural zones of the State. Data for the study were collected through the use of structured questionnaire. Mean, percentages, frequency distribution table, ranking, graph and sigma/adoption scoring method were used to analyze the data. The findings indicated that 63.75% of the respondents did not adopt the improved/machine technology. The adoption trend increased positively from 13.8% in 2007 to 27.6% in 2011. It was noted that although improved/mechanized processing technology enhances production, many processors could not afford the technology due to high cost. It was recommended that to increase the adoption rate of the technology, government should subsidize and supply the technology to the processors at affordable rates.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 1-7

Cite this Article: ADAH O.C,. AKOR J. A., ADEMU A. , "ADOPTION TREND OF IMPROVED OIL PALM FRUIT PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY IN KOGI STATE, NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 1-7 #JAEES


ASSESSMENT ON SOURCES OF HOUSEHOLD ENERGY IN USE BY RURAL WOMEN IN PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors: AMAH N. E., OBINNE C. P. 0.

Abstracts: The study assessed sources of household energy in use by rural women in Plateau State, Nigeria.
The study used multi-stage, stratified and simple random sampling techniques to collect data from 376 rural women in Plateau State using a well-structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean score and standard deviation. Results reveal that firewood, kerosene, animal dung, charcoal, groundnut shell, leaves/litters, saw dust, coconut shell, corn stalk, cooking gas and electricity were sources of household energy found in the study area however, firewood, kerosene, animal dung, charcoal, cooking gas and electricity were identified as household energy sources available for use in the study area by the respondents. The study further reveals that firewood (x=2.85; x=2.76; x=2.86), kerosene (x=2.59; x=3.06; x=2.59) and charcoal (x=2.68; x=2.66; x=2.68) were energy sources highly utilized in the northern, central and southern agricultural zones of the study area respectively. The study therefore, recommends that rural women in the study area should be tutored on how to use other free available household energy sources within their locality to reduce cost constraint on firewood, charcoal and kerosene.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 8-18

Cite this Article: AMAH N. E., OBINNE C. P. 0. , "ASSESSMENT ON SOURCES OF HOUSEHOLD ENERGY IN USE BY RURAL WOMEN IN PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 8-18 #JAEES


A REVIEW ON IMPLICATIONS AND CONTAINMENT STRATEGIES OF MYCOTOXINS FOOD CONTAMINATIONS IN NIGERIA.

Authors: BALA I., AHMAD F. U., AWOTUNDE D. R.

Abstracts: The quality and safety of food remain pivotal issues in the livelihood and health profile of every human and animal. The United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which underscore improved quality nutrition, food security and attainment of healthy living have been challenged by mycotoxin food contaminations. A plethora of biological toxins known as mycotoxins, are certain secondary metabolitesproduced by filamentous fungi with multiple toxicological effects categorized as hepatotoxins, nephrotoxins, vomitoxins, neuro-musculotoxins, carcinogenic, immunosuppressive or mutagenic as the case may be. Some molds are capable of producing more than one mycotoxin; while a particular mycotoxin can be produced by more than one fungus species. Mycotoxicosis could arise when mycotoxins contaminated food stuffs are either inhaled or ingested. In this work, we reviewed the implications of mycotoxin contaminations of agricultural commodities which are of course shortfalls in the economy of agricultural products and health challenges. Likewise, containment strategies have been reviewed and profiled into physical, chemical and biological controls. Therefore, it is pertinent for policy makers and responsible agencies to adopt preventive measures in the form of crop rotation, use of resistant varieties as well as intense drying prior to storage in order to safeguard not only the economy but also the health of the nation.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 19-39

Cite this Article: BALA I., AHMAD F. U., AWOTUNDE D. R. , "A REVIEW ON IMPLICATIONS AND CONTAINMENT STRATEGIES OF MYCOTOXINS FOOD CONTAMINATIONS IN NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 19-39 #JAEES


FARMERS' PERCEPTION OF CLIMATE SMART TECHNOLOGIES IN MITIGATING THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON COCOYAM PRODUCTION IN IHI-ALA LGA OF IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors: EKWEANYA N. M., NDUKWE H. C.

Abstracts: The study investigated Cocoyam farmers' Perception of agricultural climate Smart Technologies in Mitigating the effects of climate change on cocoyam production in Ihi-Ala Local Government area of Anambra State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling procedure was used to select 80 cocoyam farmers. Data were collected through a well-structured questionnaire and analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics such as regression analysis. The result showed that weather smart technology (81.3%), water smart technology (62.5%), carbon smart technology (37.8) and nitrogen smart technology (18.8%) were the various levels of awareness on climate smart technology. The study showed that agronomic practices (x=3.40), water management (x=2.90) and tillage and residue management (x=2.85) were the perception farmers had on climate smart technology. The study further showed increase production output (x=2.8), reduced pest infestation (x=2.78), controlled disease (x=2.98) and increase adaptation/resilience (x=2.5) as the various perceived benefits farmers had on climate smart agriculture. The OLS regression showed R2of 0.667 and F-value of 19.792 which was significant at 1% and the coefficient of income (0.450) was positive significant at 1% level. It concluded that climate smart technologies mitigated effect of climate change on cocoyam production. The study recommend that more efforts must be taken to develop policies on awareness creation, intensify the dissemination process on climate smart technologies in the study area.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 40-49

Cite this Article: EKWEANYA N. M., NDUKWE H. C. , "FARMERS' PERCEPTION OF CLIMATE SMART TECHNOLOGIES IN MITIGATING THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON COCOYAM PRODUCTION IN IHI-ALA LGA OF IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 40-49 #JAEES


ANALYSIS OF PERCEIVED EFFECT OF N-POWER PROGRAMME ON CREATION OF EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR AGRICULTURAL GRADUATES IN ABIA STATE,NlGERIA.

Authors: EKWEANYA N. M., ONWUSIKA A., EKE S. O.

Abstracts: This study investigated the effect of N-power programme on creation of employment opportunities for youths in Abia State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 100 respondents. Data for the study were collected through a wellstructured questionnaire and analyzed with descriptive statistics such as frequency counts, means, percentages and z-test was used to test the hypotheses. The results of the study revealed that majority of the respondents (66%) were males while (86%) were married. About (35%) aged above 50 years; 82% had tertiary education and majority (53.0%) of the respondents had family sizes of 6-10 persons. Moderate proportion (40%) of the respondents gained income of N 41,000 per month. Result further revealed that the programme had effect on labour productivity with mean rating of 2.65 > 2.50, engagement in different entrepreneurial venture (x= 2.73 > 2.50) and self-dependence of youth youth (x=2.70 > 2.50); aspect of the programme that the respondents were satisfied with was relevance of the programme and conduciveness of the training environment (x= 2.90), followed by monthly stipend received during the programme (x= 2.82); there was high level of knowledge and skills acquisition provided by the programme with mean rating of (2.55 > 2.50); the programme provided requisite skills for the beneficiaries (x= 2.61> 2.50) with grand mean 2.35. Result of hypothesis one showed significant relationship (r = -0.267; p < 0.05) between beneficiaries' perception and their level of satisfaction on the N-power programme. Hence, the null hypothesis was rejected at 0.05% level of significance. More so, result of hypothesis two showed that coefficient of determination (R2) was 0.042 with Fvalue of 1.050 which was however, not significant at 5% level. The study concluded that the perceived effect of the programme has no relationship with participants' level of satisfaction and their socio-economic characteristics. It was recommended among others that economic policies should aim at enhancing creation of employment opportunities and youth entrepreneurial capability to improve socio-economic concerns of the youth.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 50-66

Cite this Article: EKWEANYA N. M., ONWUSIKA A., EKE S. O. , "ANALYSIS OF PERCEIVED EFFECT OF N-POWER PROGRAMME ON CREATION OF EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR AGRICULTURAL GRADUATES IN ABIA STATE,NlGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 50-66 #JAEES


GROWTH RATE AND CAUSALITY AMONG FOREIGN TRADE, FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIA.

Authors: FWAH F. H., ABU O., AYE G. C.

Abstracts: This study was carried out to determine the growth rate and causality among foreign trade, foreign direct investment and agricultural productivity in Nigeria, using annual time series data from 1980-2014. Data for the study include non-oil import, non-oil export, foreign direct investment, agricultural productivity, exchange rate, interest rate, budget to agriculture and agricultural loan. Trend analysis and Granger causality test were used for the analysis.The trends show that all the variables fluctuated during the period under review. Furthermore, the instantaneous growth rates of Agricultural Productivity, FDI, non-oil import and non-oil export were 5.33 %, 61.96 %, 34.08 %, and 39.89 % respectively. The corresponding compound growth rates were 5.48 %, 85.81 %, 40.60 % and 49.89 % respectively. The results also revealed that the coefficients of the quadratic terms for the variables of concern were negative and significant at 1 %, 5 %, 1 % and 5 % for agricultural productivity, FDI, Non-oil import and export respectively. The granger causality test revealed that a unidirectional causal relationship was found between Foreign Direct Investment and non-oil export with 16.92 Chi-square tabulated and 21.99 Chi-square calculated. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that conditions that will encourage foreign investors to invest in divers sectors of the economy should be put in place, Government should, also, encourage non-oil exportation and discourage importation.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 67-74

Cite this Article: FWAH F. H., ABU O., AYE G. C. , "GROWTH RATE AND CAUSALITY AMONG FOREIGN TRADE, FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 67-74 #JAEES


EFFECT OF ECONOMIC POLICY UNCERTAINTY ON POVERTY IN NIGERIA.

Authors: KOTUR L. N., AYE G. C., BIAM C. K.

Abstracts: The study analysed the long and short-run effect of economic policy (monetary, fiscal and trade) uncertainty on poverty in Nigeria. Annual data were collected from secondary sources and analysed using autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model and the associated Bounds test. The result showed that highest volatility during the period of study was exhibited by monetary policy uncertainty (MPU) (2.522), followed by consumer price index (CPI) (1.968). The fiscal policy uncertainty derived from the conditional volatility in government expenditure (FPU) had the lowest volatility (0.179). The result of Bounds test showed that economic policy uncertainty shared a long run relationship with poverty. The effect of economic policy uncertainty on poverty, proxied by household consumption per capita, showed MPU (0.055) and FPU (0.219) were positive while that of TPU (-0.109) was negative in the long run. It was recommended that uncertainty about economic policies should be reduced by the government to reduce poverty level. There is need for timely policy initiatives and economic policy uncertainty calls for the respective policy makers to consciously seek for strategies for reducing uncertainty in the economy.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 75-89

Cite this Article: KOTUR L. N., AYE G. C., BIAM C. K. , "EFFECT OF ECONOMIC POLICY UNCERTAINTY ON POVERTY IN NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 75-89 #JAEES


ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN BIODIVERSITY AND NATURE CONSERVATION IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors: MBAH G. O., NJOKU J. I. K

Abstracts: The study assessed community participation in conservation of forest resources in Cross River State, Nigeria.Multi-stagesampling technique was adopted in selecting 120 respondents for the study. The data were obtained using questionnaire and analyzed using percentages, mean scores and multiple regression analysis.Majority (81%) of the respondents were females with mean age 35.2yearsand mean income #38530 while, a greater number 44.2% of the respondents possessed HND/BSc.However, respondents participated to a high extent in home gardening(3.07),avoidance of excessive hunting andbush burning (2.72) andreforestation (2.58). Also a grand mean of 2.66 showed that the respondents adopted many forest conservation measures.The regression analysisresult showed that farmland size and years of farming experience were significant at 1% level of probability while marital status, educational level, monthly income and primary occupation were significant at 5% level. Therefore, the null hypothesis was rejected.Conclusively, the respondents adopted a reasonable number of forest conservation measures and participated to a high extent in some of them, hence recommended creation of adequate awareness by development agency on the need for communityparticipation in various forest conservation practices.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 90-103

Cite this Article: MBAH G. O., NJOKU J. I. K , "ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN BIODIVERSITY AND NATURE CONSERVATION IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 90-103 #JAEES


PERCEIVED EFFECT OF SELECTED COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS ON RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors: MBAH G. O., NJOKU J. I. K

Abstracts: This paper assessed Perceived Effect of Selected Community-Based Organizations on Rural Development in Abia State, Nigeria. Purposive and multi-stage sampling techniques were adopted in the selection of 120 rural households. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics (PPMCC analysis)The result showed that building of schools (X=3.45), building of shopping plaza, (X=3.61), and construction of health care center(X=3.43), among others were the projects taking up by CBOs. The result further showed that provision of basic infrastructure (X=4.73), increased income (X=3.39) educational opportunities (X=4.15) with a grand mean of 3.65 were the effects perceived by the respondents. CBOs encountered such problems like inadequate fund (92.5%), bad leadership (88.3%) and leadership tussle (83.3%). The result of PPMCC showed a significant relationship between rural development and CBOs at P < 0.05. The CBOs projects were perceived to have impacted significantly on the livelihood of rural households in the study area. The study recommended that there is need to encourage the formation of cooperative societies which are a catalyst for social capital formation to aid CBOs in developing human resources and overcome economic recession and poverty.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 104-112

Cite this Article: MBAH G. O., NJOKU J. I. K , "PERCEIVED EFFECT OF SELECTED COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS ON RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 104-112 #JAEES


EFFECTS OF MASS MEDIA UTILIZATION AMONG CASSAVA FARMERS IN OKOBO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors: NELSON U. O., UWEMEDIMO E. O., VICTORIA E.

Abstracts: The study investigated the effect of mass media utilization among cassava farmers in Okobo Local Government area of Akwa Ibom State. Cassava farmers in the study area are formed the population of the study.A random sampling technique was used in the selection of 115 respondents. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire, and analyzed using descriptive statistics like frequency, percentage and mean. Results from the study shows that majority (50.4%) of the respondents were females. Most (76.5%) of the respondents had a household size of 1 – 5 persons. On the age of the respondents, majority (33.0%) fell within the age bracket of 36 – 45 years. Most of the respondents were married (38.3%) and educated (85.2%), had farming experience ranging from between 6 – 10 years (43.5%). Results on utilization of mass media revealed that radio had a mean score of 3.34, television (x= 3.24), newspaper (x= 1.84) and magazine (x= 1.92). Further results showed majority (72.2%) of the respondents agreed that mass media played major role in improvement and acquisition of improved seeds for planting, increased crop yield, profitability and improved timely information. Time of agricultural programme broadcast, erratic power supply, high cost of media devices, language barrier and institutional barrier were constraints faced by the respondents in study area in the utilization of mass media. The study concludes that the available mass media channels in the study area were capable of promoting agricultural development if the barriers or factors hindering utilization are removed. The study therefore recommends that social infrastructure should be provided in the study area to aid timely access to information and government should also re-orient its policies in order to harness information and communication technology potentials for contributing to agricultural development in the rural areas of the state.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 113-123

Cite this Article: NELSON U. O., UWEMEDIMO E. O., VICTORIA E. , "EFFECTS OF MASS MEDIA UTILIZATION AMONG CASSAVA FARMERS IN OKOBO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 113-123 #JAEES


GENDER-BASED ANALYSIS OF TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF OIL PALM FARMERS AND THE IMPLICATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AKWA IBOM STATE.

Authors: NELSON U. OKORIE, JEREMIAH T. EKANEM., GODWIN I. OKORO

Abstracts: This study analyzed gender-based technical efficiency of oil palm farmers in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used in the selection of the sample size. A total of 180 oil palm farmers were selected. Data were collected using structured questionnaire, Focus Group Discussion and participatory observation. Data collected were analyzed with the aid of descriptive and inferential statistics. Major findings revealed that most of the respondents (33.9%) were between ages 40 – 50 years, 39.4% had only primary school education, 73.9% had about 5 – 10 people living together. On farming experience 42.8% had 10 – 20 years' experience, 59.4% had 0.6 – 2 hectares of land while about 51.7% are members of cooperative society and 77.8% had contact with extension agents. Activities carried out during oil palm production and processing; land clearing 69.4%, planting 74.2%, weeding 60%, fertilizer application 79.4%, harvesting 63.9% and hauling/transportation 82.2%. The constraints to oil palm production and processing included; lack of funds/capital (70%), scarcity/high cost of fertilizer (69.4%), high cost of labour (65%), land tenure system (26.7%) and rodents/diseases attack (21.1%). The t-test result shows that farm size for male (2.7400***) was positive and significant at 1% while of female (4.7766***) was positive and also significant at 1%. Farming experience for male (2.5486**) was positive and significant at 5% while that of the female (2.5858***) was positive and significant at 5%. Labour input for male (5.9381***) was positive and significant at 1% while for the female (3.6496**) was positive and significant at 5%.The study concluded that both male and female farmers were not fully technically efficient in their use of resources, suggesting that there are substantial opportunities to increase productivity and income from oil palm in the study area through more efficient utilization of productive resources.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 124-137

Cite this Article: NELSON U. OKORIE, JEREMIAH T. EKANEM., GODWIN I. OKORO , "GENDER-BASED ANALYSIS OF TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF OIL PALM FARMERS AND THE IMPLICATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AKWA IBOM STATE.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 124-137 #JAEES


GROWTH ASSESSMENT OF INDUSTRIAL FISH SUPPLY IN NIGERIA: 1980-2014.

Authors: OKUDUWOR A. A., ABU G. A., AGE G. C., ABU O. U.

Abstracts: The study focused on growth assessment of industrial fish supply in Nigeria 1980-2014. Secondary data on industrial fish supply covering 1980-2014 were obtained from National Bureau of Statistic (NBS), Federal Department of Fishery (FDF) and Nigeria Institute of Oceanography and Marine Research (NIOMR). The various analytical tools used were Augmented Dickey Fuller Test to check for the stationarity of the data; exponential growth model and graphical trend analysis were used to examine the growth of industrial fish supply, simulation method was used to estimate industrial fish supply growth projection from 2015-2030. The result from the growth model shows that, the growth of industrial fish supply was stagnated, as the P value of 0.569 was not statistically significant, The simulation estimate shows decline result of the industrial fish supply growth projection from 2015-2030. Conclusions were reached, that the supply growth of industrial fish was stagnated overtime covered in the work, while the future industrial fish supply growth projection from 2015-2030 declined. Based on these findings, it was recommended that policies that will encourage private and public sectors engagement in the industrial fishery sector be formed. Also, policies that will enforce procedures to guide against obnoxious fishing methods and operations as well as creating marine security be formed.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 138-147

Cite this Article: NELSON U. OKORIE, JEREMIAH T. EKANEM., GODWIN I. OKORO , "GROWTH ASSESSMENT OF INDUSTRIAL FISH SUPPLY IN NIGERIA: 1980-2014.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 138-147 #JAEES


DETERMINANTS OF ADOPTION OF IMPROVED YAM PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES AMONG FARMERS IN OKPOKWU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: OMALE I. P., TOR L. G., AMEH M.E.

Abstracts: The study was carried out in Okpokwu Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria to ascertain the determinants of Adoption of Improved Yam Production Technologies Adoption among Farmers. Simple Random Sampling Technique was employed to select 120 respondents while data was collected using structured questionnaire and oral interview schedule. Statistical tools such as frequency distribution, percentages, mean, ranks and logit regression were used for data analysis. Results show that 72.50% of the respondents were male with mean age of 43.86 years, 16.6 years farming experience and 5.10 hectare farm size. Relatives/Friends, Radio and Mobile phone ranked 1st, 2nd and 3rd among their major channels for sourcing Agricultural Information while internet, magazine, newspaper and agricultural bulletin ranked least. Herbicide usage, mixed cropping and yam minisett ranked 1st, 2nd & 3rd among improved yam production technologies adopted by the farmers while yam minitube, tissue culture and temporary immersion rank least among adopted improved technologies by the farmers in yam production.Result of determinants of improved yam production technologies adoption revealed that socio-economic variables such as age (P=0.045), farm size (P=0.004) and household size (0.026) had significant effects on the farmers adoption of improved yam production technologies in the study area.It is therefore recommended that agricultural extension agencies should set up toll free call centre to provide farmers avenues to seek credibleagriculturalinformation from extension outfit since mobile phone services have become an easy channel of information exchange among all categories ofthe farmers so as to improve yam production

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 148-157

Cite this Article: OMALE I. P., TOR L. G., AMEH M.E , "DETERMINANTS OF ADOPTION OF IMPROVED YAM PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES AMONG FARMERS IN OKPOKWU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 148-157 #JAEES


AN ASSESSMENT OF THE PERCEIVED EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AMONG SMALL-HOLDER RUBBER FARMERS IN EDO AND DELTA STATES OF NIGERIA

Authors: OTENE F. G., IMARHAIGBE P., WURANTI V., ASEMOTA B. O.

Abstracts: The study assessed the perceived effects of climate change by small-holding rubber farmers in Edo and Delta States, Nigeria. Data were collected from 286 small-scale rubber producers using questionnaire. Data were analysed using percentages, frequency distribution, mean scores, logit regression, as well as Chi-square. Majority (73.85) of the respondents had over 10 years of experience in rubber farming. Respondents' perceived uncontrolled weeds (81.9%), increased diseases infestation e.g. white root rot (81.1%) and high intensity of early morning sun which affects latex flow (80.4%) as climate change effects. Others include reduction in latex production (low yield) (74.5%), increased pests infestation e.g. termite (73.8%), dried budded stumps (69.6%) and dormancy of budded stumps (63.6%). Respondents perception on the effects of climate change is high, this may be as a result of long time farming experience. Respondents' major source of information on climate change effects was family/friends (74.8%). Respondents' contact with extension agents was low, with 73.1% having no contact. Logit regression revealed that size of farm holdings (β = 0.209) and income (β = 0.177) were significant factors affecting rubber farmers' likelihood of being highly aware of climate change effects. However, a non-significant association (chi-square = 0.723; p>0.050) existed between respondents contact with extension agents and their awareness of the climate change effects suggesting the little role played by the agents in awareness creation on climate change effects. In view of these, the researcher recommended that, there is need for the extension service to target specific socio-economic groups such as farmers with small income, farmers with small farm sizes, younger rubber farmers in disseminating climate change information, while information should be communicated to farmers through channels they assess most.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 158-173

Cite this Article: OTENE F. G., IMARHAIGBE P., WURANTI V., ASEMOTA B. O. , "AN ASSESSMENT OF THE PERCEIVED EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AMONG SMALL-HOLDER RUBBER FARMERS IN EDO AND DELTA STATES OF NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 158-173 #JAEES


ANALYSIS OF ROLES OF SOCIO-EONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS IN POVERTY CONDITION OF FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN ADAMAWA STATE

Authors: CHRISTOPHER RAYMOND

Abstracts: The study analyzed the roles of socio-economic characteristics In Poverty condition of farming household heads in Adamawa State. A multistage sampling method was used in selecting respondents for the sampling technique. Both primary and secondary data were used for the study. Data were collected through structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed using the binary logistic regression model to examine the influence of respondent's socioeconomic factors on poverty condition. Foster Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) index was used to determine the poverty condition of respondents. Results show that 81.6% of the households were headed by male, 18.4% were headed by female, 18.4% and 51.6% of the respondents were between ages 21-40 and 41-60 respectively. 69.7% of the males were married to between 1-5 wives, 54.4% of them had 1-5 children. Results from head count ratio (HCR) revealed that 70.4% of the households were poor having their expenditure status below the poverty line, 29.6% being non poor having their expenditure status above the poverty line. Poverty Severity Index was 34.55%. The findings revealed that increase in level of education and increase in number of wives household heads decrease the level of the household poverty. However, sex, number of dependents and marital status of the household heads do not significantly influence the poverty condition of the households. It is therefore, recommended that Policies be formulated by government and non-governmental agencies to encourage western education among household heads and some of them be encouraged to marry more enterprising wives for a collective household fight against poverty scourge.

[Download Full Paper]  

Pages: 174-184

Cite this Article: CHRISTOPHER RAYMOND , "ANALYSIS OF ROLES OF SOCIO-EONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS IN POVERTY CONDITION OF FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN ADAMAWA STATE.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Sept2020, Volume 6 - Issue 3, September 2020 Edition, 174-184 #JAEES