JAEES
Print ISSN:   2545-5176
Online ISSN: 2714-5018
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ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 7 - Issue 4, December 2021 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact the undersigned authors.

ASSESSMENT OF PERCEIVED EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON YAM PRODUCTION IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: CHIA, J. I., ANONGUKU, I. JIRIKO, R.K.

Abstracts: The study assessed the perceived effects of climate change on yam production among farmers in Benue state Nigeria. Stratified, purposive and simple random sampling techniques were used to select 150 yam farmers. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study found that 59.7% of the respondents were male with the mean age of 40 years, 56.3% of the respondents were married with the mean household size of 10 persons, 90.3% of the respondents had formal education with the mean of 12 years spent in school. Farming (64.6 %) was the major occupation of the respondents with the mean of 20years of farming experience. Results revealed that the mean farm size was3hectares, the mean annual income of the respondents stood at ₦261131.94 per annum. Major sources of information on effects of climate change were from personal observation (80.6%), radio (72.2%) and from friends/relations/neighbours (50.0%). The result revealed that majority of the respondents adopted early planting (91.7%), mulching (90.3%), crop rotation (86.1%), early harvesting (83.3%) prompt weeding (76.4%) and application of organic manure (50.0%), were some of the agronomic practices adopted by farmers to cope with the changing climate in the study area. The result of Chi-square test embedded in logit regression revealed that selected socio-economic characteristics of yam farmers have significant effects on climate change adaptation and mitigation measures adopted among farmers in the study area. It is recommendedthat aforestation and reforestation should be practiced so that plants will help to remove the high concentration of carbondioxide in the atmosphere.

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Pages: 01-13

Cite this Article: CHIA, J. I., ANONGUKU, I. JIRIKO, R.K. , "ASSESSMENT OF PERCEIVED EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON YAM PRODUCTION IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/December2021, Volume 7 - Issue 4, December 2021 Edition, 01-13 #JAEES


BARRIERS TO CLIMATE CHANGE INDIGENOUS ADAPTATION TECHNIQUES BY SMALL-SCALE RUBBER FARMERS IN EDO AND DELTA STATES OF NIGERIA.

Authors: OTENE, F.G., IMARHIAGBE, P., OGWUCHE, P., ASEMOTA, B.O. OMONIGHO, B.O

Abstracts: The study evaluated Barriers to climate change indigenous adaptation techniques by smallscale rubber farmers in Edo and Delta States of Nigeria. Barriers to and factors facilitating the utility of these adaptation strategies were analysed. Data were collected from 286 small-scale rubber producers using questionnaire. Data were analysed using percentages, frequency distribution, mean and Multivariate probit regression model. Major indigenous climate change adaptation techniques employed by respondents included inter-cropping (100%), changing/adjusting dates of planting (90.2%), use of firewood ash to control white root rot (62.2%) and application of palm kernel oil around tree to control termites (52.4%). Probit analysis revealed that age (b = 0.036), sex (2.843), household size (0.017), farm size (0.102), Major constraints to respondents' use of indigenous climate change adaptation techniques included low capital (91.3%), poor infrastructural facilities (85.7%), high cost of inputs (83.9%), inadequate information on climate change (82.2%), inadequate credit facilities (75.9%), poor contact with agricultural extension agents (71.3%). In view of these, the researcher recommended that, in promoting indigenous climate change adaptation strategies/techniques among small-scale rubber farmers in the study area, the local adaptation measures should be examined more closely to the understanding of the rationale behind their utility and how they can be integrated with scientific approaches to enhance their effectiveness.

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Pages: 14-28

Cite this Article: OTENE, F.G., IMARHIAGBE, P., OGWUCHE, P., ASEMOTA, B.O. OMONIGHO, B.O , "BARRIERS TO CLIMATE CHANGE INDIGENOUS ADAPTATION TECHNIQUES BY SMALL-SCALE RUBBER FARMERS IN EDO AND DELTA STATES OF NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/December2021, Volume 7 - Issue 4, December 2021 Edition, 14-28 #JAEES


ANALYSING ADOPTION OF ROOT AND TUBER EXPANSION PROGRAMME TECHNOLOGIES AMONG RURAL FARMERS IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: AFATAR, S. OKWOCHE, V.A

Abstracts: The study analysed adoption of root and tuber expansion programme technologies among rural farmers in Benue State, Nigeria. The respondents comprised all registered root and tuber crop farmers in Benue State. A sample size of 159 respondents (rural crop farmers) was selected using stratified purposive and simple random sampling techniques. Data for the study were collected from primary source only using structured questionnaire and data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics. Findings revealed that 58.5% of the respondents were aged between 41 and 60 years; 61% were males; 62% had secondary education; about 53% had farming experience of 21-30 year; 39% had root and tuber farm size of 2.01-3 hectares; 44.7% had household size of between 6 and 10 persons; 32.7%of the respondents earned ₦500,001 and above from root and tuber crops per annum, about 47% had annual offfarm income of at least ₦100,000.0 and 51.6% belonged to farmers' associations. Findings on mean score of sources of information indicated that of the respondents ( x=3.16) obtained information from extension workers, the extension workers practised individual visit (x= 2.75) in delivering information on the programme's technologies to farmers and 84.3% adopted early planting. Farmers were introduced to different technologies by the programme through various means and methods of disseminating information. Farmers obtained information about the technologies and utilised it for the benefit of increased yield. It is recommended that extension workers should employ other means of disseminating information other than individual visits.

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Pages: 29-41

Cite this Article: AFATAR, S. OKWOCHE, V.A , "ANALYSING ADOPTION OF ROOT AND TUBER EXPANSION PROGRAMME TECHNOLOGIES AMONG RURAL FARMERS IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/December2021, Volume 7 - Issue 4, December 2021 Edition, 29-41 #JAEES


TREND ANALYSIS OF COCOA PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 – 2020

Authors: AJAGBE, S. A., ASOGWA, B. C. EZIHE, J. A. C.

Abstracts: The study analyzed the trend of cocoa production in Nigeria for the period of 1981 – 2020 (FAOSTAT, 2021). Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as minimum, maximum and Jarque-Bera, and inferential statistics such as t-statistic, f-statistic and Adjusted R-squared. The result of the descriptive statistics shows an upward trend in annual cocoa production in Nigeria which reaches a maximum and thereafter began to decline, reaching a point, it began a gradual rise during the period under study. The variable was normally distributed with a minimum value of 140,000 ton and a maximum of 485,000 ton. Furthermore, the result revealed that 55.80% of the variation in annual cocoa production was 2 explained over time by trend (Adjusted R of 0.5580), and there was an accelerated growth in annual cocoa production during the period under study with the instantaneous growth rate of 2.19% and compound growth rate of 2.21%. Based on the study, Government should review and improve on the programmes such as the National Cocoa Rehabilitation Programme that had produced good results in accelerating the growth of cocoa production in Nigeria. Farmers, Private investors and Government should invest more in cocoa production in Nigeria to take advantage of the accelerated growth and to increase it.

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Pages: 42-50

Cite this Article: AJAGBE, S. A., ASOGWA, B. C. EZIHE, J. A. C. , "TREND ANALYSIS OF COCOA PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 – 2020", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/December2021, Volume 7 - Issue 4, December 2021 Edition, 42-50 #JAEES


RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH VALUE ADDITION IN COMMERCIAL AQUACULTURE IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: SAMUEL AWOLUMATE INIOBONG B. INYANG

Abstracts: This study assessed risk factors associated with an investment in fish farming value addition in commercial catfish in Osun State, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was used in selecting 120 fish farmers. Descriptive statistics and factor analysis were deployed in analyzing the data. Risk factors severity ranking incidence index showed that more than 65% of fish farmers were affected. Lack of government support ranked highest at 0.98as a risk factor. Eleven risk factors to fish farming value addition were considered sufficiently tenable in the study area when subjected to the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin and Barlett test of sphericity. Factor analysis identifies four major underlying constraint dimensions: high business operational cost, lack of government strategic intervention or support, inadequate capacity building opportunities, and poor-water quality with percentage variance of 24.56%,19.63%,13.13%, and 10.16%, respectively. 50% of respondents fall within the level of severity index range of (0.24-0.5099) that admitted that constraints are moderately severe. Risk factor severity index profile of fish farmers' characteristics showed that gender (0.021, 0.05) was a statistically significant variation of mean index of constraints value addition investment. The need for strategic government intervention in facilitating a low-cost operating environment for farmers is imperative.

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Pages: 51-70

Cite this Article: SAMUEL AWOLUMATE INIOBONG B. INYANG , "RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH VALUE ADDITION IN COMMERCIAL AQUACULTURE IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/December2021, Volume 7 - Issue 4, December 2021 Edition, 51-70 #JAEES


FACTORS INFLUENCING OWNERSHIP OF FARM PLOTS AND INCOME UNDER THE DADIN KOWA IRRIGATION SCHEME IN NORTH EASTERN NIGERIA.

Authors: AYOOLA, J. B. ; SANI, R. M .; AYOOLA, G. B. ; DZEVER, D. D .; ZAMAN, E. Y .; SANI, M .; 1 2 2 1 1 ADOKA, T .; MOSES, A.U .; YUNUSA, M. Y .; ABU, G. A .; ABU, O

Abstracts: This study analyzed the factors influencing ownership of farm plots and income under the Dadin Kowa Irrigation Scheme in North Eastern Nigeria. The multi-stage stratified sampling technique in which 2 LGAs, 6 villages and 300 households were systematically selected in stages was applied; and primary data obtained with the aid of structured questionnaire. Analytical tools include both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results revealed that age and years of farming experience influenced the ownership of farm plots among the female farmers (P<0.01). Similarly, formal education, source of farm labour, total farm income among other variables were found to have significant effect on ownership of farm plots (P<0.05) among male farmers. Similarly, age, formal education, years of farming experience, cost of farm land, and occurrence of land dispute statistically and significantly affect acquisition of farm plot (P<0.01) among male farmers. Source of farm labour and method of land acquisition were, also, significant (P<0.05). Similarly, gender, formal education, source of farm labour, method of land acquisition, number of farm plots owned, and cost of farm land, influenced the total farm income of the female farmers (P<0.01), while age was statistically significant (P<0.05). Furthermore age, formal education, source of farm labour, method of land acquisition and number of farm plots owned were found to be statistically significant at (P<0.01) and found to influence male farmers’total farm income, while gender and cost of farmland statistically and significantly influence total farm income of male farmers (P<0.05). The major cause of conflicts was land encroachment (85.1%). The study concludes that age, level of formal education, gender, type of tenure, type of farm labour, cost of farm land, and occurrence of land conflict affect the variability of farm plots owned and income of farmers under the Dadin Kowa Irrigation Scheme. Stakeholders should revisit the land tenure and acquisition structures in the area to improve the system. Enforcement of land-policies, establishment of land dispute courts and land management committees will, also, increase involvement in irrigation farming and income of land users.

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Pages: 71-89

Cite this Article: AYOOLA, J. B. ; SANI, R. M .; AYOOLA, G. B. ; DZEVER, D. D .; ZAMAN, E. Y .; SANI, M .; 1 2 2 1 1 ADOKA, T .; MOSES, A.U .; YUNUSA, M. Y .; ABU, G. A .; ABU, O , "FACTORS INFLUENCING OWNERSHIP OF FARM PLOTS AND INCOME UNDER THE DADIN KOWA IRRIGATION SCHEME IN NORTH EASTERN NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/December2021, Volume 7 - Issue 4, December 2021 Edition, 71-89 #JAEES


SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS INFLUENCING ADOPTION OF CASSAVA VALUE ADDED INNOVATIONS AMONG RURAL WOMEN IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: 1 2 NWAEKPE, J.O., AGBAREVO, M.N.B

Abstracts: The study assessed the socio-economic factors influencing adoption of cassava value added innovations among rural households in Abiastate, Nigeria. Multistage sampling techniques were used in selecting 120 rural women for the study. Descriptive statistics was used for data analysis while Ordinary Least Squares regression model was used to test the hypothesis. The results showthat majority (62.5%) of the rural women were between the ages of 38 and 57years; 85% were educated; 75.8% were married while their average household size was six persons. About 91% of the respondents were aware of cassava value added innovations and there was alsohigh level (2.53) of adoption of cassava value added innovations among the women. OLS regression analysis showed that factors such as Access to credit (1%) had significant positive relationship with adoption of cassava value added innovations whileLevel of education (10%), Household size (10%), and Extension contact (10%) had significant negative relationship with adoption of cassava value added innovations in the study area. The study concluded that awareness and adoption of cassava value added innovations were high in Abia State, and that access to finance, level of education, household size, and extension contact were the socioeconomic factors that influenced the level of adoption of cassava value added innovations. As a result, it is recommended that the government place a greater emphasis on participatory research, among other things. This would assure farmers' active engagement in technological development processes, as well as their successful adoption of better technologies.

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Pages: 90-102

Cite this Article: 1 2 NWAEKPE, J.O., AGBAREVO, M.N.B , "SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS INFLUENCING ADOPTION OF CASSAVA VALUE ADDED INNOVATIONS AMONG RURAL WOMEN IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/December2021, Volume 7 - Issue 4, December 2021 Edition, 90-102 #JAEES


FARMERS' COOPERATIVE AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: OGAH, O. M.,OLAGUNJU, O. T. OGEBE, F.O

Abstracts: This study was on effects of farmers' cooperative society on agricultural productivity in Ogun State, Nigeria. Two-stage sampling technique was used to select 120 respondents. Descriptive statistics and probit model analysis were used to analyzed data generated using structured questionnaire. The analysis revealed that the mean age of the respondents was 45years, mostly males (70.83%), many (34.17%) of the respondents were in their active age of 40-50. Majority of the respondents were married (80.83%), with mean household size of 4 persons and nearly all respondents had formal education. Farming experience was 12years averagely. The result of probit analysis revealed that age and educational status were the important and significant variables that influence the probability of being a member of cooperative society. The results revealed that cooperative is a veritable tool for improving farmer's productivity as members have best advantage of new technologies, easy access to inputs, better bargaining power for their products and resolution of conflict on land related matters which help to boost their production. The study recommends training of leaders for proper management of funds, loan monitoring to prevent default, extension of credit facilities by government to members to boost their production and agricultural cooperative should create awareness to rural farmers as majority of the rural farmers are unaware of these societies in their communities.

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Pages: 103-115

Cite this Article: OGAH, O. M.,OLAGUNJU, O. T. OGEBE, F.O , "FARMERS' COOPERATIVE AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/December2021, Volume 7 - Issue 4, December 2021 Edition, 103-115 #JAEES


IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL CREDIT GUARANTEE SCHEME FUND ON OIL PALM PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA

Authors: 2 OGBANJE, ELAIGWU CHRISTOPHER IHEMEZIE, EBERECHUKWU JOHNPAUL

Abstracts: Oil palm plays a crucial role in the economies of most developing nations. Nevertheless, just like other cash crops, its production and level of participation in the global market have been constrained by the lack of capital. The need to ameliorate this constraint informed the evolution of the Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme Fund (ACGSF) in Nigeria. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of ACGSF on oil palm production in Nigeria. Mean and coefficient of variation were used to analyse ACGSF allocation to the oil palm subsector, oil palm output, yield and area harvested. A two-sample t-test was employed to determine changes in oil palm output and area harvested between the era before and after the evolution of ACGSF. The results reveal positive changes in oil palm output, yield and area harvested before and after the evolution of ACGSF. Statistical significance of the t-test indicates that ACGSF has a significant impact on oil output and area harvested. However, the coefficient of variation for yield, a measure of efficiency, was very low and worrisome. The findings further support the idea that increased funding is critical for increased productivity and efficiency in the agricultural sector, especially for oil palm production. The strategy should target yield increase to avoid a trade-off between oil palm farm size expansion and growth in population and urbanisation.

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Pages: 116-135

Cite this Article: 2 OGBANJE, ELAIGWU CHRISTOPHER IHEMEZIE, EBERECHUKWU JOHNPAUL , "IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL CREDIT GUARANTEE SCHEME FUND ON OIL PALM PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/December2021, Volume 7 - Issue 4, December 2021 Edition, 116-135 #JAEES


EVALUATION OF IMPORTATION POLICIES’ EFFECT ON SUSTAINABLE FOOD SECURITY IN NIGERIA (2015-2021)

Authors: OKUDUWOR, A.A., NWANGENE, I.V., TUANEH, G.I. AMADI-ROBERT, C.C.

Abstracts: This study deepened the understanding of the relationship between import policy and food security in Nigeria. In accordance with the four pillars of food security, food imports (an integral aspect of food stability) formed the basis for measuring food security while import tariff, exchange rate and trade openness were used as the proxies for import policy. The data sets used for the analysis were obtained from the World Development Indicators and Food and Agriculture Organization Statistics. Descriptive statistics, unit root test, cointegration test and autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) were utilized for the data analysis. Evidence of mixed integration and long run relationship were established from the unit root and bounds cointegration respectively. The results showed that import tariff does not significantly affect food imports. It was also found that exchange rate exerts significant positive effect on food imports in the short run. The results further showed that trade openness has a positive and significant effect on food imports in both long and short run. As evidenced in the results, a percentage increase in trade openness is associated with 0.238 percent increase in food imports in the short run. Similarly, 1 percent increase in trade openness will lead to 0.3567 percent in food imports. Owing to the findings, it is recommended, among others, that Government should strengthen the tariff on the importation of food which Nigeria enjoys comparative advantage to boost self-sufficient in production and foster food security.

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Pages: 136-145

Cite this Article: OKUDUWOR, A.A., NWANGENE, I.V., TUANEH, G.I. AMADI-ROBERT, C.C. , "EVALUATION OF IMPORTATION POLICIES’ EFFECT ON SUSTAINABLE FOOD SECURITY IN NIGERIA (2015-2021)", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/December2021, Volume 7 - Issue 4, December 2021 Edition, 136-145 #JAEES