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Online ISSN: 2714-5018
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ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact the undersigned authors.

EFFECT OF PALM KERNEL AND OLIVE OILS ON THE PRESERVATION OF CASADY'S FOLLY TOMATO (SOLANUMLYCOPERSICUM)

Authors: MABITINE, D.M. AKOGWU, C.O.

Abstracts: The bio-preservative efficiencies of two major edible vegetable oils on stored tomato fruits (Casady' folly) were evaluated in this study. It included 20 fresh Casady's folly tomatoes fruits treated within 4 groups, with 5mls of palm kernel oil, 5mls of olive oil, a mixture of 2.5mls each of palm kernel + olive oil and while group four served as control. They were incubated at room temperature and observed for 8 days. The oils were used to evaluate their effect on parameters such as weight loss, firmness, color, postharvest decay percentage (%) (PDP), shelf life, marketability, relative humidity, temperature and microbial components of the tomatoes during storage. Weight loss in this study ranged from 24.9000-38.1400 during storage. The result, also, showed that the oil did not retain firmness of the tomatoes after treatment relative to the control. The color of Casady's folly progressively changed during the storage period. Postharvest Decay Percentage (%) (PDP) of Casady's folly showed that treated fruits on day eight (8) had the highest number of decay (60%) and control showed the lowest number (40%) on day eight (8) after treatment. Shelf life of Casady's folly tomato fruits progressively decreased during the storage period. Marketability of Casady's folly tomato fruits progressively decreased during the storage period. Relative Humidity of the storage room ranged from 69.0 – 92.5, likewise temperature of the storage room changed between 26˚C – 33˚C during the experimental period. The Microbial constitution found associated with the spoilage of Casady's folly tomatoes fruits included bacteria such as Staphylococcus spp, Shigellaspp, and Klebsiellaspp, Salmonella spp, Escherichia coli and fungi such as Saccharomyces spp, Mucorspp, Aspergilus spp. The result of this study showed that palm kernel and olive oil could not preserve Casady's folly tomatoes fruits.

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Pages: 01 - 18

Cite this Article: MABITINE, D.M. AKOGWU, C.O. , "EFFECT OF PALM KERNEL AND OLIVE OILS ON THE PRESERVATION OF CASADY'S FOLLY TOMATO (SOLANUMLYCOPERSICUM)", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 01 - 18 #JAEES


IMPACT OF LAND AREA CULTIVATED ON MAIZE AND SORGHUM YIELDS IN NIGERIA: 1975-2015

Authors: ASEMA, M.R., ABU, O. ASOGWA, B.C.

Abstracts: The study was conducted to analyse the impact of land area cultivated on maize and sorghum yields in Nigeria from the period of 1975 – 2015. Annual time series data on land area cultivated and yields of maize and sorghum were collected from Food and Agriculture Organization for the analysis. The study employed the use of descriptive and inferential statistics,the meanvalue indicated a decrease in sorghum yield between 1986 – 1993 from 11.300ha to 10.400ha, though land area cultivated increased within the period. The augmented Dickey fuller unit root test showed that the variables were non-stationary at levels but became stationary after first differencing therefore integrated of order one. The Johansen cointegration model result indicated a long run relationship among land area cultivated and yield at 5% level of significance. The vector error correction result showed that land area cultivated of sorghum had a negative (-0.001119) coefficient on sorghum yield at 1% level of significance. The short run Granger causality test between land area cultivated of maize and maize yield was a unidirectional causality. It was therefore recommended that maize and sorghum farmers should give attention to variable inputs that can boost yields since increase on land area cultivated lead to yield decrease.

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Pages: 19 - 31

Cite this Article: ASEMA, M.R., ABU, O. ASOGWA, B.C. , "IMPACT OF LAND AREA CULTIVATED ON MAIZE AND SORGHUM YIELDS IN NIGERIA: 1975-2015", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 19 - 31 #JAEES


EFFECT OF FOREIGN TRADE ON FOOD SUPPLY IN NIGERIA (1981-2016)

Authors: ALI, A., BIAM, C.K., AYOOLA, J.B., EZIHE, J.A.C.

Abstracts: This study was undertaken to analyze effect of foreign trade on food supply in Nigeria between 1981- 2016. Annual time series data collected from secondary sources were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics such as unit root test, Johansen co-integration test, vector error correction model (VECM)and t-test. The results of trend analysis showed that the mean value of food supply is 7.7 Trillion Naira, the mean value of exports is 1.26 trillion Naira, the mean value of trend of imports is 1.68 trillion naira and the mean value of household consumption expenditure is 959 billion Naira over the period under review. The result further revealed that the coefficient of exports (-0.39) was negative and significant at 1% probability level. The coefficient of imports (0.079) was positive and significant at 5% level of probability. The coefficient of tariffs on imported food was negative (- 0.189) and significant at 1% probability level. The coefficient of exchange rate was negative (-0.46) and significant at 1%. The result also revealed that deceleration in exports led to deceleration in food supply in Nigeria in the short run and acceleration in imports lead to acceleration in food supply in Nigeria in the short run. Change in coefficient of exports was negative (-0.028) and significant at 10% probability level. Change in coefficient of imports in short run was positive (0.0302) and significant at 10% probability level. The change in coefficient of tariffs on imported food was negative (- 0.00392) and significant at 1% probability level. The change in coefficient of exchange rate was positive (0.007402) and significant at 1% probability level. The change in coefficient of household consumption expenditure was negative (-0.17) and significant at 10% probability level.. Finally, the study recommends that policy makers should develop export and import strategy that encourage private investors in food industries and government should increase agricultural spending to enhance local food production.

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Pages: 32 - 50

Cite this Article: ALI, A., BIAM, C.K., AYOOLA, J.B., EZIHE, J.A.C. , "EFFECT OF FOREIGN TRADE ON FOOD SUPPLY IN NIGERIA (1981-2016)", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 32 - 50 #JAEES


THE PLACE OF MOBILE PHONE IN IMPROVING FARMERS KNOWLEDGE OF FARM PRACTICES IN MAKURDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

Authors: ECHE, S.I ODIAKA, E.C

Abstracts: This study was conducted to assess the use of mobile phones for sustainable information sharing for increased food production among rural farmers in Makurdi Local Government Area of Benue State. The population of this study consisted of all farmers in Makurdi LGA of Benue State. A simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 104 respondents who were heads of households in four selected Council Wards. Data were collected from primary sources using a structured questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings indicated that majority (57.7%) of the farmers were between the ages of 31 and 40 years, 57.7% were females and 75.0% married. About 78% had tertiary education, 22.1% had farming experience of 1-5 years. 23.1% had annual income of ₦301,000-₦400,000. Most (75%) of the respondents had farm size of 1-4 hectares, 61.5% spent ₦100-₦300 on recharge cards or data per week. Methods used by respondents to sustainably share information are calls, text messages and social media. Respondents use mobile phones to get information on agriculture daily, weekly, monthly and yearly. Poor electricity system is the major challenge faced by the 2 respondents. The Chi square x (113.018), at a significant level of 0.05 and degree of freedom=12 shows that the use of mobile phone had a significant relationship with farmers' improved knowledge of production practices in the study area. It is recommended that Government should make and enforce policies on lower rate for calls and recharge cards and network providers should ensure appropriate transmission and maintenance of good and quality networks in rural areas to increase farmers knowledge.

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Pages: 51-60

Cite this Article: ECHE, S.I ODIAKA, E.C , "THE PLACE OF MOBILE PHONE IN IMPROVING FARMERS KNOWLEDGE OF FARM PRACTICES IN MAKURDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 51-60 #JAEES


STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE OF FROZEN FISH MARKETING IN SULEJA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAOF NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: EFEDUA, J. C. UGOCHUKWU, G. C

Abstracts: The study examined the structure and performance of the frozen fish marketing in Suleja Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria. A multi-stage random sampling procedure was used to select seventy frozen fish marketers. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Gini coefficient, net margin analysis, and ordinary least square regression.Findings from the study revealed an average marketing experience of 10.53years and 91.4% of the marketers were female. The structure of the market was uncompetitive structure, and 19 frozen fish marketers had 46.9% of the total sales in the market. Frozen fish marketing is highly profitable with a net margin of ₦36,707.14, and the factors that influence the performance of frozen fish marketers include the age of the marketer, marketing experience, cooperative membership, purchase cost and marketing cost. Marketing of frozen fish was majorly constrained by high purchase cost, lack of storage facilities, spoilage of fish during handling, and poor pricing by customers. The study recommended frozen fish marketers should be educated and encouraged to use alternative sources of funding such as microcredit to finance their business. Also, wholesalers should sellon credit to retailers who are consistent in the market based on their creditworthiness.

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Pages: 61-74

Cite this Article: EFEDUA, J. C. UGOCHUKWU, G. C , "STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE OF FROZEN FISH MARKETING IN SULEJA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAOF NIGER STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 61-74 #JAEES


ACCESS AND USE OF MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR CURING AND PREVENTING COMMON AILMENTS AMONG RURAL DWELLERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: OBINNA, LEO. O. ONU S. E.

Abstracts: The study was conducted in Abia State of Nigeria to analyze access and use of medicinal plants for curing and preventing common ailments among rural dwellers. Questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of 120 respondents used for the study. Data generated were analyzed through the use of descriptive and inferential statistics. Results further showed that medicinal plants were accessed at high extent (x= 3.3) and used at high extent (x= 2.5). The perceived reasons for accessing and using medicinal plants were that they were culturally acceptable, affordable, very beneficiary and adaptable. The study concludes that medicinal plants in curing/ preventing common ailments among the rural dwellers were accessed and used in high extent. It equally concluded that the reasons for the high access and use of medicinal plants were due to their being culturally acceptable, affordable, available and adaptable to the respondents in the study area. The study therefore recommends that Governments of Nigeria and that of Abia State should encourage the standardization in the use of herbal medicine since a very reasonable proportion of the citizenry still access and use them to high extent in curing / preventing some common ailments in the study area.

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Pages: 75-85

Cite this Article: OBINNA, LEO. O. ONU S. E. , "ACCESS AND USE OF MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR CURING AND PREVENTING COMMON AILMENTS AMONG RURAL DWELLERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 75-85 #JAEES


EFFECT OF HOUSEHOLD ENDOWMENT AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS ON LAND USE DECISIONS- A DATA TRANSFORMATION TECHNIQUE

Authors: OCHALIBE, A. I., IVOM, A. ASEMA, M.R.

Abstracts: The study explains what drives the farm household decision to leave land fallow. Agricultural Household survey data carried out by the Statistical Office of Kosovo (SOK) and comprising of 4187 agricultural house holds were used for the study. To achieve the specific objectives the socio-economic characteristics, capital endowment as well as institutional factors were examined. The data were transformed in order to meet the objective of the study. The transformation of these selected variables was carried out to explore non –linear relationships. Findings showed that arable land, access to credit/liquidity, irrigated area of land as well as labour and capital availability decrease the probability of leaving land to fallow while larger distance from market, transaction cost, small size of plots, number of plots as well as household characteristics like age of farm household head, rented plots from private individual and share of rented plots from state were associated with increase in the probability of leaving land to fallow reflecting a sign of imperfect market. It is recommended that institutions concerned with land tenure arrangement should be strengthened, and education of rural household on potential factors affecting land use as well as mitigating measures should be encouraged for proper utilization of household endowments for agricultural transformation particularly in ECOWAS.

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Pages: 86-96

Cite this Article: OCHALIBE, A. I., IVOM, A. ASEMA, M.R. , "EFFECT OF HOUSEHOLD ENDOWMENT AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS ON LAND USE DECISIONS- A DATA TRANSFORMATION TECHNIQUE", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 86-96 #JAEES


DYNAMIC IMPACT OF MONETARY POLICY INSTRUMENTS ON RESOURCE SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA

Authors: OCHALIBE, A. I., BOGBENDA A. DZEVER, D. D.

Abstracts: This research analyzed the dynamic impact of monetary policy instruments on sustainability of resources in Nigeria for the period 1980-2018. The instantaneous and compound growth rate of exchange rate policy instruments, sustainability indicators and the impact of exchange and interest rates policy instruments on resource sustainability were analysed. Data were obtained from secondary sources. From the findings, exchange rate policy instrument significantly impacted the utilization of resources by -0.22%.There was little evidence that interest rate as a monetary policy instrument has direct impact on resource sustainability. In contrast poor agricultural practices, such as the cultivation of unsuitable land among others lead to the over-exploitation of resources driven by increased demands for natural resources in soil, forest resources as well human capital depletion among others. Thus, monetary policies should be reassessed in terms of their long run impact on the environment. Sustainable farming that support our planet should be encouraged. Water reserves, fisheries stocks, forests and soil should be protected through effective coordination of policy instruments against over exploitation for improved agricultural growth and resource sustainability in Nigeria.

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Pages: 97-116

Cite this Article: OCHALIBE, A. I., BOGBENDA A. DZEVER, D. D. , "DYNAMIC IMPACT OF MONETARY POLICY INSTRUMENTS ON RESOURCE SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 97-116 #JAEES


EVALUATION OF DETERMINANTS OF PERIWINKLE (TYMPANOTONUS FUSCATUS) SUPPLY IN DEGEMA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF RIVERS STATE

Authors: OKUDUWOR, A. A.

Abstracts: The study described the determinants of periwinkle supply in Degema LGA of Rivers State. Primary source of data was used with the aid of a well-structured questionnaire. Simple random sampling technique was used to select (60) sixty periwinkle suppliers. Descriptive statistic (frequency), graphic trend and multiple regression model were used for the data analysis. The results revealed that bunkering activities have inverse relationship with supply of periwinkle, while increase in tide and rainfall increased supply of periwinkle in the study area. The study concluded that bunkery had negative influence on the supply of periwinkle. Therefore, adequate marine security measures be put in place to erode bunkery activities in the area to enhance supply of periwinkle.

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Pages: 117-124

Cite this Article: OKUDUWOR, A. A. , "EVALUATION OF DETERMINANTS OF PERIWINKLE (TYMPANOTONUS FUSCATUS) SUPPLY IN DEGEMA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF RIVERS STATE", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 117-124 #JAEES


SUPPLY AND DEMAND VOLATILITY GAP IN INDUSTRIAL FISHERY SECTOR AND IT'S IMPLICATIONS ON NIGERIA ECONOMY: 1980-2014

Authors: OKUDUWOR, A. A., ABU, G. A., AYE, G. C. ABU, O.

Abstracts: The study focused on the economic evaluation of industrial fishery sector in Nigeria 1980- 2014. Secondary data on supply and demandcovering 1980-2014 were obtained from National Bureau of Statistic (NBS), Federal Department of Fishery (FDF)and Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). Augmented Dickey Fuller Test to check for the stationarity of the data. Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity (ARCH) model was used to examine the gap between supply and demand volatility. Johansen Co-integration model was used to evaluate the long run relationship between industrial fish supply and economic growth, while simulation method was used to project the industrialfish supply in Nigeria from 2015 – 2030. The ARCH result shows that, there was a significant volatility gap between supply and demand of industrial fish at 5% level of significance. The Johansen Co-integration test showed a long run relationship between industrial fish supply and economic growth as the trace statistic of 19.3464 exceeded its critical values of 15.41.The projected supply trend was declining. Conclusion was reached, that there was a volatility gap between supply and demand of industrial fish and also long-run relationship exist between industrial fish supply and economic growth in Nigeria. Based on these findings, it was recommended that government should make provision for agricultural credit facilities via ECOWAS funds and other international bodies to assist fish production projects and investment in Nigeria.

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Pages: 125-136

Cite this Article: OKUDUWOR, A. A., ABU, G. A., AYE, G. C. ABU, O. , "SUPPLY AND DEMAND VOLATILITY GAP IN INDUSTRIAL FISHERY SECTOR AND IT'S IMPLICATIONS ON NIGERIA ECONOMY: 1980-2014", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 125-136 #JAEES


ACCESS AND USE OF CREDIT FACILITIES AMONG FEMALE FARMERS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: EKWE, K.C., OBINNA, L.O., AGU-AGUIYI, F.N. ONU, S.E.

Abstracts: The study assessed access and use of credit facilities among female farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria. Multi-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting 180 female farmers in the study area. Data were collected with the use of structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, mean score and standard deviation as well as inferential statistic like Z test were used for data analysis. Results of the study revealed that 98.3% of the respondents had their main source of credit through cooperative society, 97.5% got from friends and relations, 95.8% obtained from rotating credit, 93.3% had from money lenders while 90% obtained from local savings. The result that the respondents had high level of access to credit from local savings (x = 2.23), friends/relations (x = 2.16), rotating credit (x = 2.0) and microfinance (x = 2.0).The result on the use of farm credit revealed the respondents highly utilized farm credit in purchase of fertilizers (x = 2.07), agrochemicals (x = 2.03), farm labour (x = 2.01), farm machineries (x = 2.01) and improved planting materials (x = 2.00). Some of the constraints identified were lack of fund, climate change, low storability and poor yield. There was no significant difference between access and use of farm credit among female farmers in the study area at 5% alpha level (Zcalc. 1.214 is less than Z-tab 1.96). The study therefore concluded that there was low access to and use of farm credit among female farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria. The study therefore recommended among others that the women should form and participate in female farmers' cooperative societies that will enable them have access to credit facilities.

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Pages: 127-146

Cite this Article: EKWE, K.C., OBINNA, L.O., AGU-AGUIYI, F.N. ONU, S.E. , "ACCESS AND USE OF CREDIT FACILITIES AMONG FEMALE FARMERS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 127-146 #JAEES


EFFECTS OF LAND USE AND DEGRADATION ON FOOD SECURITY IN SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA

Authors: EDOJA, P.E., AYE, G.C., ABU, O. ATER, P.I.

Abstracts: The study investigated the effects of land use and degradation on food security in southsouth Nigeria. Multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select 360 respondents (120 each from Edo, Delta and Rivers States of south-south, Nigeria). Structured questionnaire was used to collect data from the selected arable farmers. Relevant descriptive and inferential statistics such as frequency, percentages, mean and binary logit model were used to analyse the data. The results on land degradation showed that on average the respondents perceived land degradation in South-South Nigeria to be high with their mean score (MS) of 2.45. Specifically, Fire disaster (MS = 2.83), Urbanization (MS = 2.77), soil nutrient loss (MS = 2.66), land poisoning (2.61), deforestation (3.10), heavy rainfall (MS = 2.92), soil turned sandy (MS = 2.94), excessively hot soil (MS = 2.83), soot (MS = 2.55) were considered important land degradation factors. The result showed that about 47.5 percent of respondents in the study area perceived land degradation to be with very high intensity, 5.0 percent were under high intensity while 47.5 percent of the respondents perceived it as having low intensity. Results further showed that 35.12percent of the farmers in the study area were food secure, while 20.40 percent were mildly food insecure, 17.73 percent were moderately food insecure and 26.76 percent were severely food insecure. Overall about 64.88 percent were food insecure. On the effects of land use and degradation on food security in south-south, Nigeria, the Logit results showed that the use of herbicides (-0.19), irrigation (-0.22), grazing on farmland (0.16), use of improved variety (0.16), farm size (0.22), erosion (-0.12) and heavy rainfall (-0.13) have significant effects on food security in the region. In conclusion, this study has demonstrated that land use and degradation have a critical effect on food security in the region and therefore the attention of all the stakeholders in environmental economics, Ministry of Agriculture, Non-governmental organizations and relevant agencies is required to effect a definite end to the possible food security problems in the region.

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Pages: 147-163

Cite this Article: EDOJA, P.E., AYE, G.C., ABU, O. ATER, P.I. , "EFFECTS OF LAND USE AND DEGRADATION ON FOOD SECURITY IN SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 147-163 #JAEES


DETERMINANTS OF ADOPTION OF IMPROVED SOYABEAN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES AMONG RURAL FARMERS IN NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA

Authors: WARIBUGO S. C., DAUDU S., AGE A. I., NASWEM A. A., ONOTUGOMAE.

Abstracts: The study assesses determinants of adoption of improved soyabean production technologies among rural farmers in North Central Nigeria. All the soyabean farmers in North Central Nigeria formed the population of the study. Multi- stage sampling techniques was used to select 320 respondents for the study. Primary data were obtained by means of structured questionnaire administered to the respondents. The data were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results shows that (58.9 %) of the respondents were male, many (41.0 %) of the respondents were between 21 and 40 years of age with mean age of about 36. The result also shows that many (81.3%) of the respondents were married, while (12 %) of them were single. The pooled results further shows that (49.4 %) of the respondents had household size ≤6persons. Most (95.0 %)) of the respondents indicated farming as their primary occupation also, majority (92.8 %)) of them were into full time farming in the pooled results. The pooled results shows that majority (88.4%) of the respondents have high level adoption of NCRI recommended planting season of June–July as soyabean production technology, many (79.4 %) of them adopted Sam soy2, about 63.1 % of them adopted fertilizer (N.P.K) 3bags and SSP4bags/ha. The results on ordered logit Regression analysis shows significant effect of the selected farmers' socioeconomic characteristics on adoption level. The results revealed that majority (96.3 %) of the respondents got information on agricultural technologies through family members.In conclusion, the adoption of improved soyabeanproduction technologies by farmers leads to increase in farm output Based on the results, it is recommended that farm input supply should be timelyand at affordable price, there should be creation of awareness and farmers training on technology usage, there should be provision of credit and loans to farmers, more markets and good roads should be made available mostly in the rural areas.

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Pages: 164-179

Cite this Article: WARIBUGO S. C., DAUDU S., AGE A. I., NASWEM A. A., ONOTUGOMAE. , "DETERMINANTS OF ADOPTION OF IMPROVED SOYABEAN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES AMONG RURAL FARMERS IN NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 164-179 #JAEES


ANALYSIS OF ON-FARM AND NON-FARM INCOME GENERATING ACTIVITIES OF RURAL FARMERS IN NSUKKA AGRICULTURAL ZONE, ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: UKOHA, J.C.I., ANYANWU, E.V. ABONYI, U.C.

Abstracts: The study analyzed the on-farm and non-farm income generating activities of rural farmers in Nsukka Agricultural Zone, Enugu State, Nigeria. A multi-staged sampling procedure was used in selecting 120 farmers that participated in the study and structured questionnaire was used to elicit information from them. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used in analyzing the data. Major results showed that majority (92.5%) of the respondents engaged in food crop while 23.3% were involved in collection of forest products for on-farm activities. About 60% of the farmers are into trading while 20% are into mining under nonfarm activities. Animal husbandry gave the highest annual mean income (N569, 039) from on-farm activity while the least annual mean income (N78, 964) was from sale of forestry products. For non-farm activities, the highest annual mean income of N482, 659 was from transportation while the least annual income (N119, 318) came from mining. The hypothesis result showed that there is a significant difference between annual mean income from non-farm and on-farm activities of respondents. It concluded that income from farm sources are not sufficient to carter for the needs of farmers. Therefore, government should assist rural farmers to access credit without collateral for increased production.

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Pages: 180-190

Cite this Article: UKOHA, J.C.I., ANYANWU, E.V. ABONYI, U.C. , "ANALYSIS OF ON-FARM AND NON-FARM INCOME GENERATING ACTIVITIES OF RURAL FARMERS IN NSUKKA AGRICULTURAL ZONE, ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 180-190 #JAEES


ASSESSMENT OF POSTHARVEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF VEGETABLE CROPS AMONG RURAL FARMERS IN ZONE B LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: UKOHOL, F.Y AGBAREVO, M.N.B

Abstracts: The study assessed the postharvest management practices of vegetable crops among rural farmers in Zone 'B' agricultural zone of Benue State, Nigeria. Using multistage purposive and random sampling techniques, 120 respondents were selected from three local government areas in the zone. Data were obtained using structured questionnaire and interview schedule and were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics such as frequencies percentage mean scores factor analysis and Kruskal-Wallis (H) test. The result on the level of utilization of endogenous and exogenous postharvest management practices showed grand mean scores of 2.45 and 1.29 respectively which indicates low level utilization of the practices. The grand mean score (x = 2.60) on the level of effectiveness of endogenous postharvest management practices showed high level of effectiveness of the practices. The result of Kruskal-wallis test of significance on the utilization of endogenous postharvest practices showed significant difference on precooling after harvesting (p=0.000), sorting (p=0.000), washing and cleaning (p=0.000) as well as packaging (0.000) at 5% degree of probability. It was recommended that horticulture-allied industries should be established in the study area by government, private organizations and individuals in order to mop up the harvested crop produce from the vegetable farmers and encourage production and marketing.

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Pages: 191-201

Cite this Article: UKOHOL, F.Y AGBAREVO, M.N.B , "ASSESSMENT OF POSTHARVEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF VEGETABLE CROPS AMONG RURAL FARMERS IN ZONE B LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.JAEES.org/online-papers-publishing/new/June2021, Volume 7 - Issue 2, June 2021 Edition, 191-201 #JAEES