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ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact the undersigned authors.

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TRENDS IN BUDGETARY ALLOCATION TO AGRICULTURE AND AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IN NIGERIA DURING THE MILITARY AND CIVILIAN REGIMES (1983-2015)

Authors: ABAH D., OCHOCHE O.C., ORAKA E.O

Abstracts: The study highlighting the quantity and quality of national commitment (budgetary allocation) to the agricultural sector over the years and the corresponding impact of these allocations on agricultural output. Time series (secondary) data obtained from CBN and NBS publications were used for analysis. The data collected were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics such as mean, maximum and minimum with graphs, trend models, ARIMA and OLS regression model. The effect of budget allocation to agriculture on agricultural output showed coefficients of 0.15 and 0.31 during the military and civilian regimes respectively revealing that budgetary allocation to agricultural sector has significant effect on agricultural output in Nigeria and that the relationship between them is strong, positive and significant; the agricultural output was forecasted to be about N17,000,000 in the next decade.The study recommends that budgetary allocation to the agricultural sector should be increased and properly monitored, to guarantee increased agricultural output and overall economic growth and development in Nigeria.

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Pages: 1-16

Cite this Article: ABAH D., OCHOCHE O.C., ORAKA E.O , "TRENDS IN BUDGETARY ALLOCATION TO AGRICULTURE AND AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IN NIGERIA DURING THE MILITARY AND CIVILIAN REGIMES (1983-2015)", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 1-16 #JAEES


ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF PALM OIL PRODUCTION ON THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY (1981-2016)

Authors: ABAH D., OCHOCHE O.C., ORAKA E.O

Abstracts: The study assessed the impact of palm oil production on the Nigerian economy (1981-2016). Time series (secondary) data obtained from the archives of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) were used in the study. The data collected were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics such as mean, maximum and minimum with graphs, trend models, Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) [after testing for unit root and co-integration among the variables] and ARMA Models while T-test was used to test the hypotheses of the study. The result of the study revealed that the trend of palm oil production has been fluctuating over the years but has experienced a downward trend in recent past and the trend of economic growth has experienced a steady increase over the years but has declined lately during the period of study. The growth rate and direction of palm oil production was 1.4% and accelerating while that of economic growth was 4.3% and decelerating respectively during the period of study with a coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.94 and 0.99 respectively. The result of the VECM indicates that in a long run, the coefficient of palm oil production was 20.452. The effect of palm oil production on economic growth in the short run showed coefficients of 0.003. The output of palm oil production in Nigeria was forecasted to be about 9,454,971.25 tonnes in the next decade. The study recommends that the Nigerian government should take cue from the Malaysian and Indonesian governments especially in terms of their management and operations strategy in the palm oil sub-sector in order to promote overall economic growth and National development.

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Pages: 17-29

Cite this Article: ABAH D., OCHOCHE O.C., ORAKA E.O , "ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF PALM OIL PRODUCTION ON THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY (1981-2016)", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 17-29 #JAEES


FOOD SECURITY, CHALLENGE OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION IN NIGERIA: KEY STRATEGIES FOR EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS.

Authors: IBRAHIM MUHAMMAD ABDUL

Abstracts: The importance of food security cannot be overemphasized. Currently, food security in Nigeria is highly precarious and pernicious which making the country food insecure, and the problems is attributed to the problems of agricultural extension, including inadequacy and instability of funding, poor logistic support for field staff, use of poorly trained personnel at local level etc. along with other factors such as drought and other extreme weather events, pests, livestock diseases and climate change, Therefore, the present study highlights, key strategies to be adopted for efficient and effectiveness of Agricultural extension in Nigeria.

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Pages: 30-37

Cite this Article: IBRAHIM MUHAMMAD ABDUL , "FOOD SECURITY, CHALLENGE OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION IN NIGERIA: KEY STRATEGIES FOR EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 30-37 #JAEES


EFFECTS OF MENTAL HEALTH DISORDER ON LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY OF ARABLE CROP FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors: ADIKWU O., TSUE, P.T., ABU O.

Abstracts: This study was carried out to determine the effects of mental health disorder on labour productivity of arable crop farming households in Benue State, Nigeria. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used in the selection of 180 sample size. Data for the study were collected from mainly primary sources with the aid of a pre-tested questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and OLS regression models were the tools for data analysis. Results of the data analysis showed that Death of love ones (73.9%) is the major cause of mental health disorder among farming households in the study area, followed by poverty (73.3%) and decreased enjoyment of life (62.8%). The maximum net labour productivity (NLP) was N53825.35 and average net labour productivity was N398.9969, Mean Gross Labour productivity (GLP) 1460.4549kg/manday and average labour productivity of 5.1175 respectively. The result of the OLS revealed that mental health disorder prevalence rate (-0.080), age (-0.670), depression (-0.132), anxiety (-0.255), and high blood pressure (-0.219) significantly and negatively influenced gross labour productivity of farming households while access to mental health services (0.167), farm size (0.281) and family income (0.099) positively and significantly influenced labour productivity in the study area. It was concluded that prevalence and severity of mental health disorder has significant adverse effects on farming households' labour supply and labour productivity in the study area. It was concluded that, Government at federal, state and local levels should consider critical ways of managing mental health disorder by emphasizing healthy lifestyle such as ceasation of smoking, moderate alcohol intake, regular medical checkup and improving the socio-economic status of the farm households through good road network, steady supply of electricity which will be helpful in improving the quality of life of the farm households.

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Pages: 38-50

Cite this Article: ADIKWU O., TSUE, P.T., ABU O. , "EFFECTS OF MENTAL HEALTH DISORDER ON LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY OF ARABLE CROP FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 38-50 #JAEES


PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS OF FLUTED PUMPKIN PRODUCTION IN ETINAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: AKPAN O. D., MBANG J. P., INYANG, N.D.

Abstracts: The study estimated the profitability of fluted pumpkin production in Etinan Local Government Area. It employed multi-stage random sampling technique to select 150 farm households from 25 villages. Descriptive statistical tools, costs and return analysis, regression analysis were used to achieve the objectives of the study. The result indicated the respondent profile to be 56.0% of females and 44 males, 70% of them work (between the ages of 30-55), about 86.0% of the respondents were married, and 82.0% had some level of formal education. About 55% of the respondents earned monthly income between N10,000 – N55,000. Fluted pumpkin was their main occupation even though there were engage in other secondary occupations such as weaving, tailoring, blacksmithing, sculpture making etc. A household size of 1-8 persons had a percentage of 88%. The findings reported that years of farming experiences between 5 and 6-10 was at 45.5%, type of farming adopted by the farmers was at 37.3% for mono-cropping and 39.3% for mixed cropping. The highest constraints faced by the farmers during the production season was high cost of transportation incurred by the farmers. Profitability of fluted pumpkin production was also estimated and the result shows that the total revenue was N310,150, total fixed costs was N28,400, total variable cost N115,895. A gross margin of N194,225 was obtained with a net farmers income was N165,855. Also, the profit () obtained from the findings was estimated to be N165,855. From the findings, it shows that average hectare of 1.5 the profit derived was estimated to be N165,855 thereby given the implication that farmers who cultivate fluted pumpkin will be able to increase their financial base and also in carrying out other financial obligations. Based on the findings above, the following recommendations were made: Interest free loans should be made available to small farm holders to increase, expand and improve their level of productivity; availability of technologies such as water pumping machine to ease the watering activities during dry season; provision of farm input subsidies; provision of good and adequate storage facilities; and efforts should be made by the government, research institutions, and other relevant stakeholders to establish home gardens to supplement dietary imbalances

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Pages: 50-59

Cite this Article: AKPAN O. D., MBANG J. P., INYANG, N.D. , "PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS OF FLUTED PUMPKIN PRODUCTION IN ETINAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 51-59 #JAEES


FADAMA III FINANCING AND FARM HOUSEHOLDS ASSETS ACQUISITION AND SERVICE DELIVERY IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: AKPAN O. D, OGONNA O. O, USOROH M. O.

Abstracts: The study assessed Fadama III financing and farm households assets acquisition and service delivery in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The study targeted at Fadama III and non-Fadama households used in 2011 and 2014 . Data were collected from farm households as well as community associations. The study made use of quasi-experimental approach - an approach which demands disaggregation across in all the components. Ratio analysis (food security index) was used to asses' food security status of the beneficiaries in the study area. Result reveals that 78% of the beneficiaries attain a food security. The mean value of productive assets of the beneficiaries measured in Naira rose from 107,786.00 in 2011 (baseline) to 213,071 in 2014 (mid-term) and 250,700 in project end term. The result also shows that the value of non-productive assets of the beneficiaries rose from 403,700 in 2011 (baseline) to 423,200 in 2014 (mid-term) and 671,900 in end-term (2017) respectively. The level of accessibility to productive assets (resources) by the women and the poor is still very low due partly due to gender mainstreaming and inequality in income and resource allocation. The study recommends fthe sustainability of established community development organisations, improved knowledge on the use of farm equipment, proper record keeping and food processing for value addition, government continuous provision of input support to the farmers among others.

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Pages: 60-71

Cite this Article: AKPAN O. D, OGONNA O. O, USOROH M. O. , "FADAMA III FINANCING AND FARM HOUSEHOLDS ASSETS ACQUISITION AND SERVICE DELIVERY IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 60-71 #JAEES


CONSTRAINTS TO VALUE ADDITION INVESTMENTS IN COMMERCIAL AQUACULTURE IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: AWOLUMATE S., INYANG E.B.

Abstracts: This study evaluated processors-related constraints to value addition investment in commercial catfish aquaculture in Osun State, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was employed in the selection of 60 fish processors. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and factor analysis. The incidence index pattern finding revealed that more than 60% of the fish processors experienced lack of skilled support staff( ranking the highest most constraint) with index of 0.983. The KMO and Barlett test of sphericity result showed that the 11 constraints to fish processing identified in the study area were sufficiently tenable. The exploratory factor analysis mapped four major underlying dimensions; access to credit, poor state of processing facility, high variable cost of operation and power supply inadequacy with the percentage variance of 20.718%, 16.853%, 12.692% and 11.673% respectively. About 63.40% of processors fall within severity of constraints index range of 0.51-0.7599. The results of variability in CVAICCA index across the socio-economic characteristics of fish processors revealed that years of experience (5.186, 0.05) and education (3.446, 0.05) were statistically significant. Majority of processors were male (90%) with 45% belonging to age range of 31-40 years and 81.7% had experience of 10 years and 83.35% household size of less or equal 5 persons. Policies for promotion of capacity building, competency enhancement, better access to credit facilities and use of modern technologies in fish processing that increase value addition and wealth maximization are recommended.

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Pages: 72-85

Cite this Article: AWOLUMATE S., INYANG E.B. , "CONSTRAINTS TO VALUE ADDITION INVESTMENTS IN COMMERCIAL AQUACULTURE IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 72-85 #JAEES


SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS INFLUENCING THE ADOPTION OF FARO 44 RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES AMONG FARMERS IN KARIMLAMIDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF TARABA STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: BAKARI D., ADI Z.A., AGYO Z.B.

Abstracts: The study assessed the Socio-economic factors influencing the adoption of FARO 44 rice production technologies among farmers in Karim-Lamido Local Government Area of Taraba State, Nigeria. Structured questionnaires was used for data collection. Purposive and random sampling techniques were employed to select a total of 75 respondents. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result indicated that 61.3% of the respondents were aged between 36-45 years, 72.0% of the respondents were dominated by males while 81.3 of the respondents were married, and 62.7% had attended tertiary institution. The result further showed that 41.3% of the respondents had farming experience 6-10 years, 54.7% had household size between 11-15 persons. About 28.0% of the respondents were involved in craftwork, and 17.3% of the respondents were Civil servants. Majority (60.0%) indicated that they sourced their information from friends/family, about 52.0% of the respondents sourced information from radio, 37.3% sourced information from television. Result of the ordinary least square regression indicates a negative and significant relationship between the adoption of FARO-44 rice production technologies at 10% and the gender of the respondents. The result further showed that the coefficient of education was positive and significant at 10% level, while coefficient of membership of cooperative was also positive and significance at 1% level of significance. Based on these, the following recommendations were made: The extension agents should collaborate with the village leaders to ensure adequate communication and dissemination of innovation within the host communities. Village leaders and the extension agents should organize, and encourage individual farmers to join membership of cooperative.

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Pages: 86-94

Cite this Article: BAKARI D., ADI Z.A., AGYO Z.B. , "SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS INFLUENCING THE ADOPTION OF FARO 44 RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES AMONG FARMERS IN KARIMLAMIDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF TARABA STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 86-94 #JAEES


A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MECHANIZED AND NON-MECHANIZED RICE PRODUCTION IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: BAKARI C. K., ONAH P., AYE G. C.

Abstracts: This study compared mechanized and non-mechanized rice farming in Benue State, Nigeria. Data were collected from 168 rice farmers Descriptive, statistics, such as, percentage and mean, and inferential statistics, such as, regression and gross margin analysis were used for analysis. Majority (66.7%) of the mechanized respondents had farm size of 11-20 hectares with a mean of 9.2 hectares and non-mechanized respondents (53.9%) had less than 4 hectares with a mean of 3.0 hectares. Majority (74.1%) of the mechanized respondents had a mean annual income of N1,175,600.00, while nonmechanized respondent had a mean annual income of N323,044. The results revealed that the mean cost of production for mechanized rice farming wasN162,000/ha while the mean cost of production for non-mechanized rice farmingwasN90,000/ha. The result also shows that the net farm income for mechanized rice farming wasN80,770/ha while the net farm income for the non-mechanized rice farming wasN33,100/ha. The major constraints to mechanized and non-mechanized rice farming in the study area included, among others, inadequate government support (79.3%), small and scattered farm holdings (75.9%). It is recommended that there is need to provide financial support by the government through micro-credit schemes to help farmers purchase input and be more engaged in mechanized rice farming because it gives higher returns.

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Pages: 95-108

Cite this Article: BAKARI C. K., ONAH P., AYE G. C. , "A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MECHANIZED AND NON-MECHANIZED RICE PRODUCTION IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 95-108 #JAEES


ANALYSIS OF ADOPTION OF CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATING MEASURES BY SMALLHOLDER ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: EKWEANYA N.M., ANYANWU V.E., ODOH J.S., IFENKWE, G.E

Abstracts: The study discused the factors influencing the building up of resilience on climate change mitigating measures by smallholder arable crop farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaire administered to 120 farmers. Purposive and multi- stage random sampling technique were used to select twelve communities in the study area. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results reveal that the mean age of farmers in the study area was 46.8 and that 66.7% of farmers were married. Most farmers were educated. Majority of the respondents were males (73.3%), with an average household size of 7 persons. Majority of the respondents perceived climate change as causing many problems. The study identified factors influencing farmer's adoption of coping strategies for climate change in the study area as most of them had severity level index of more than 4.01 indicating high negative effects. Planting different varieties of crops, changing cropping patterns, mulching and planting of trees were all significant at 1% level of probability. The study recommended that current knowledge on adoption methods be communicated to the farmers as early as possible and that farmers should be given access to loan and credit, as well as giving information on early warning systems

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Pages: 109-118

Cite this Article: EKWEANYA N.M., ANYANWU V.E., ODOH J.S., IFENKWE, G.E , "ANALYSIS OF ADOPTION OF CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATING MEASURES BY SMALLHOLDER ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 109-118 #JAEES


GENDER ANALYSIS OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES USED BY RURAL FARMERS IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: ETUK U. R., JONAH, K. E., OKORIE N. U.

Abstracts: This study was on the gender analysis of livelihood diversification strategies adopted by farmers in Akwa Ibom State. Data for the study were obtained through the aid of structured questionnaire from 178 respondents who were selected with the aid of a multi-stage procedure from a sample frame of six zones of Akwa Ibom State Agricultural Development Programme. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency, mean and percentage. Herfindahi index was used to determine levels of livelihood diversification by gender. The arable crop production was the major livelihood activity engaged in by both male and female respondents. The study further showed that a greater percentage of male (68.32%) and female (96.15%) were engaged in a combination of activities or income generating sources. In terms of income generation from livelihood sources, the study showed that the male respondents were more interested in activities that generated higher returns unlike their female counterparts. Among other recommendations, this study advocates for the creation of skills acquisition programmes that are peculiar to the farming communities to enable them (especially women) acquire entrepreneurship skills as a means of boosting remunerative livelihood strategies.

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Pages: 119-128

Cite this Article: ETUK U. R., JONAH, K. E., OKORIE N. U. , "AGENDER ANALYSIS OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES USED BY RURAL FARMERS IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 119-128 #JAEES


KNOWLEDGE OF INFANT COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING AMONG FARM FAMILIES IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: JIKE-WAI O., ETUK U. R., DUKE J.I.

Abstracts: The study assessed the knowledge of complementary feeding among farm families in Asari-Toru local government area of Rivers State. The study population was made up of breastfeeding mothers and caregivers who have children between 0-5 years of age and attended the health centre in the Local Government area. Sample size of 200 mothers and caregivers were purposively selected from five (5) compounds out of Fifteen (15) compounds that make up the LGA. Structured questionnaire was used to obtain information from the respondents. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Most of the respondents were within the active reproductive age range of 26 – 35years (48%) with most having secondary school education (68.5%). Equal number (47.5%) were single or married respectively and predominantly traders (43%). The respondents had adequate knowledge of complementary feeding given that their mean scores were > 2. 5 on the rating scale. Majority of the respondent initiated complementary feeding at six months (54%) and fed their children for six months giving both breast milk and complementary foods (42.5%). Their complementary food choices were mainly carbohydrate based and saw unavailability of industrially produced complementary foods as a challenge. Vegetable sack farming techniques should be communicated via extension services to the indigenes of the area as an intervention strategy for the availability of vegetables to be included in their meals.

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Pages: 129-141

Cite this Article: JIKE-WAI O., ETUK U. R., DUKE J.I. , "KNOWLEDGE OF INFANT COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING AMONG FARM FAMILIES IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 129-141 #JAEES


EFFECTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL WORK STRESSORS ON EMPLOYEE'S INTENTION TO QUIT JOB IN COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NIGERIA (CRIN) IBADAN, OYO STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: JOSHUA Y., ALABI O. S., BOLARINWA K. K., ADEOGUN S. O., AYANSINA S. O.

Abstracts: The study ascertained the organizational work stressors and employee's intention to quit job in Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN).. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 120 respondents for the study. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (Zero order correlation and regression analysis) were used to analyse the data. Results showed that majority 71.7% were within the age group of 20-40 years, 58.3% were Male, 74.2% were married, 80.0% had HND /Bsc certificate, 55.8% were Christians, 50.8% earn above N51,000 and 29.5% had between 6-10years of work experience and only 20.0% and 42.5% are researchers and non-researchers respectively. Result for job description showed a higher mean of 3.08 was recorded for Attending seminars, result on causes of job stress revealed higher mean score of 4.01 recorded for Poor physical working environment, result on work stressors activities causing stress revealed higher mean of 2.63 for Field visitation, Also employees frequently think about starting their business (X= 3.43) was ranked highest which is the statement that revealed effect of work stressors on employees intention to quit job. It has been established in the study from the data gathered that work stressors prevailed in the organization and the employees had intention of quitting or leaving the job. Correlation analysis showed a positive significant relationships between Intention to Quit job and Age (r = 0.362**, p(0.000) < 0.05), Marital status (r = 0.287**, p(0.002) < 0.05), Income per Month (r = 0.293**, p(0.000) < 0.05), and Years of working experience (r = 0.458**, p(0.000) < 0.05), Regression analysis showed there was significant relationship between the contribution of causes of job stress on intention to quit and role ambiguity p(0.000) < 0.05), work family conflict p(0.001) < 0.05), Lack of interpersonal support (0.010) < 0.05), and poor work relationship p(0.049) < 0.05) and Poor or no communication p(0.003) < 0.05).There was a significant relationship between contribution of job creating stress on intention to quit job and extension outreach programme p(0.002) < 0.05). It was concluded that age, marital status, income per month and years of working experience played significant roles on organizational work stressors and employee's intention to quit job, the study recommended that the government should formulate policies that alleviate stress on the employees like providing loans to employee, transport to and fro, housing plan for staff and medical assistance in case of emergencies.

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Pages: 142-156

Cite this Article: JOSHUA Y., ALABI O. S., BOLARINWA K. K., ADEOGUN S. O., AYANSINA S. O. , "EFFECTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL WORK STRESSORS ON EMPLOYEE'S INTENTION TO QUIT JOB IN COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF NIGERIA (CRIN) IBADAN, OYO STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 142-156 #JAEES


THE EFFECTS OF ORGANIC MANURE AND DIFFERENT RATES OF APPLICATION ON LIVING-STONE POTATO (PLECTRANTHUS ESCULENTUS L.) AT TAL VILLAGE IN BILLIRI LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: MADINA P., NAZIFI M.I.

Abstracts: A field experiment was carried out for two years during the 2017 and 2018 rainy season to study the effects of organic manure and different rates of application on living stone potato at Tal village in Billiri Local Government of Gombe State, Nigeria. The two different organic sources were poultry droppings and sheep and goat manure and the five rates of applications were 0, 50, 100, 150 and 200. The treatments were combined and laid in a randomized complete block design with three replications. During the research, growth characters such as plant height, number of leaves, number of branches, net assimilation rate, leaf area index and crop growth were measured. Other yield and yield-related characters like number of tubers, tuber weight, tuber length and tuber yield were, also, recorded. The result shows that living potato generally respond to both organic manure and different rates of application of organic source. The use of poultry droppings produced significantly (p>0.5) taller plant, higher number of leaves, more branches, net assimilation rate and relative crop growth rates similarly, the use of 200tones of organic manure application had significant influence on growth characters such as number of leave of planted number branch, Net assimilation rate on the yield characters such as number of tuber, tuber weight, tuber length and yield, crowning living stone potato in 2018 rainy season was superior on both growth and yield character than when the crop was grown in 2017, living stone potato framers could, therefore, be advised to grow the crop with the application of poultry droppings at 200tones for optimum yield.

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Pages: 157-168

Cite this Article: MADINA P., NAZIFI M.I. , "THE EFFECTS OF ORGANIC MANURE AND DIFFERENT RATES OF APPLICATION ON LIVING-STONE POTATO (PLECTRANTHUS ESCULENTUS L.) AT TAL VILLAGE IN BILLIRI LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 157-168 #JAEES


EFFECT OF FARMERS' PERCEIVED TECHNOLOGY ATTRIBUTES ON UTILIZATION OF CASSAVA VALUE-ADDED INNOVATIONS IN SOUTHEAST, NIGERIA

Authors: NWAEKPE J. O.

Abstracts: This study ascertained the effect of farmers' perceived technology attributes on utilization of cassava value added innovations in South-east, Nigeria. Data for the study were collected through a structured questionnaire which was administered to 396 rural households in three states in South-east. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics like percentage, mean and inferential statistics like Tobit regression model. Findings of this study revealed that the farmers were in their active age (mean age of 48 years) while majority (88.13%) were educated. More women (80.3%) were involved in cassava value addition than men (17.9%) and majority of the farmers (88.63%) derived no income from cassava value addition. Furthermore, the respondents perceived cassava value-added innovation to be cost-saving (x= 3.15), affordable (3.84), profitable (x = 3.64). There was also low level of utilization of cassava (1.29) value-added innovations. The result of the Tobit regression reveals that simple to use (0.2948875; 5%), similar to local practices (0.1939779; 10%), affordable (0.2895931; 10%) and profitable (0.2683646; 10%) are positively and significantly related to level of utilization of cassava value-added innovations. The study, therefore, recommends that for increased adoption of agricultural innovations like cassava value added innovations among farmers, it's important for policy makers and scientists to understand the factors that influence farmers’ decisions to either adopt or reject innovations in order to come up with innovations that will suit them.

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Pages: 169-180

Cite this Article: NWAEKPE J. O. , "EFFECT OF FARMERS' PERCEIVED TECHNOLOGY ATTRIBUTES ON UTILIZATION OF CASSAVA VALUE-ADDED INNOVATIONS IN SOUTHEAST, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 169-180 #JAEES


EFFECT OF SELECTED SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS INFLUENCING CONSUMPTION OF ORANGE FLESHED SWEETPOTATO AMONG HOUSEHOLDS' IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: NWOKOCHA I. N., MAZZA M., ONWUSIRIBE C.S

Abstracts: The study assessed effect of selected socio-economic factors on consumption of Orange Fleshed Sweetpotato (OFSP) among Households in Anambra State. Structured questionnaire was used to collect primary data from 120 respondents through a multistage random sampling technique. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Households' consumption level of OFSP showed high level of consumption in form of chips, boiled, fried, roasted, pottage and the leaves for livestock feed with grand mean of 2.17. Result of the regression analysis showed significant relationship of OFSP consumption with sex, farming experience, farm size, household size, membership of association and extension contact at varying alpha levels. The study concluded that some socioeconomic factors influenced consumption of OFSP. Therefore, there is need to popularize OFSP through sensitization in order to improve its consumption in the area since result, showed low consumption of OFSP in form the of confectionaries and juice drink.

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Pages: 181-191

Cite this Article: NWOKOCHA I. N., MAZZA M., ONWUSIRIBE C.S , "EFFECT OF SELECTED SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS INFLUENCING CONSUMPTION OF ORANGE FLESHED SWEETPOTATO AMONG HOUSEHOLDS' IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 181-191 #JAEES


INCOME AND CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE OF RURAL FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN ISUIKWUATO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA (L.G.A) ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: OBASI I.O., NWOSU J.O., OKORO N.O

Abstracts: The study analyzed the consumption expenditure of rural farming households in Isuikwuato L.G.A of Abia State, Nigeria. Primary data were collected from 100 farming households. A multistage random sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents. Farming households in the study area were visited every fortnight after some cross sectional information has been collected on their socioeconomic characteristics and other variables with structured questionnaire. The fortnightly visitation was of collection of information on the same variables on consumption expenditures of households. Data were analyzed using frequency distributions and multiple regression analysis. The result showed more income in cash and kind accrued to the households from non-farm employments of petty trading and services. The age of the farmers (0.09784), primary occupation (0.75042), years of education (0.66025), household size (0. 14529), farm size (0.53619) and credit access (1.3826) were the factors that significantly determined the income of the farming household. Also, the significant determinants of household consumption expenditure were age (-0.7498) of household head, educational level (0.8960), household size (0.8615) and net farm income (0.825). Based on the findings from the study, it is recommended that government should form a strong partnership with the rural farming households in providing more lands, credit facilities and encouraging formal education of the rural farming households for improved standard of living.

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Pages: 192-203

Cite this Article: OBASI I.O., NWOSU J.O., OKORO N.O , "INCOME AND CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE OF RURAL FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN ISUIKWUATO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA (L.G.A) ABIA STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 192-203 #JAEES


DETERMINANTS OF INCOME DIVERSIFICATION OF RURAL FARMERS IN ITU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: OBASI I. O., AKPAN U. O., OKPARA B.O.

Abstracts: The study examined the determinants of income diversification of rural farmers in Itu Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. A multistage sampling procedure was employed to select 60 respondents needed for the study. Data analysis was carried out using descriptive and inferential tools such as means, frequencies, percentages and binary Tobit regression. The result showed that households in the study area earned an average income of N 158,345.83 originating from a wide range of trading activities. The most important aspect where the traders diversified their income to was crop output trading, which accounted for about 38% of the income, followed by income from other sources (25%). The net farm income (profit) and returns-cost ratio were N26,186.33 and 1.2. This implies that the venture was profitable and viable. The findings call for policy options that can help rural traders maximize the benefits from rural trading activities for poverty reduction and growth in Itu Local Government Area. The significant variables that influenced income diversification should be considered in intervention targeted at the rural agricultural economy.

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Pages: 204-210

Cite this Article: OBASI I. O., AKPAN U. O., OKPARA B.O. , "DETERMINANTS OF INCOME DIVERSIFICATION OF RURAL FARMERS IN ITU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 204-210 #JAEES


PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS OF ROOT AND TUBER CROPS PRODUCTION IN OIL POLLUTED AND NON-OIL POLLUTED AREAS OF BAYELSA STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: OLANIYI A.I., NWOKOCHA I.N., ANYAEGBUNAM H.N.

Abstracts: The study assessed profitability of root and tuber crops production in oil polluted and nonoil polluted areas of Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 15 root and tuber crops farmers each from five (5) oil-polluted communities and five (5) non-oil polluted communities giving a total of 150 respondents for the study. Primary data were used and data were collected through structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as Gross margin and Net Profit analyses while the inferential statistics used was Z test. The result indicated that an average farmer invested about ₦19,432.67 in the production of root and tuber crops and had total revenue of ₦78,731.00 in oil polluted area. Result also, revealed that an average farmer invested ₦103,017.07 and had total revenue of ₦816,668.00 in non-oil polluted area. the Z test analysis showed significant differences both in net income and net profit of ₦ 3,994.00 and ₦10,082.00 respectively between the areas. The study therefore concluded that farmers' production of root and tuber crops in non-oil polluted area were more profitable than the production in oil-polluted area, although production of root and tuber crops in the two areas were profitable. The study, therefore, recommended that farmers in oil polluted area should put in more willingness and effort on root and tuber production since both net income and net profit in production were lower than that of non-oil polluted area it improve their living standard.

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Pages: 211-220

Cite this Article: OLANIYI A.I., NWOKOCHA I.N., ANYAEGBUNAM H.N. , "PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS OF ROOT AND TUBER CROPS PRODUCTION IN OIL POLLUTED AND NON-OIL POLLUTED AREAS OF BAYELSA STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 211-220 #JAEES


INDIGENOUS STRATEGIES OF SHELF LIFE EXTENSION OF MAIZE AMONG FARMERS IN NIGERIA

Authors: SUGH E.T., AHULE B.G., NKWAIN K.T.

Abstracts: The preservation and storage of maize (Zea mays) in most communities in Nigeria is done indigenously in spite of the existence of modern preservation methods of the crop in developed countries. The paper reveals that methods such as hanging over fire, sun drying, and storage in earthen pots, rhombuses, and traditional cribs are some of the indigenous strategies used by farmers to extent the shelf life of maize. Insect infestation, mould, rodents attack, and sprouting of the grains are some of the challenges to effective extension of shelf life of maize. In addition to the above other impediments such as lack of documentation of indigenous strategies, insufficient fuel wood, limited space, and poor handling of the produce limit the effective utilisation of the indigenous strategies for extension of shelf life of maize. The paper concludes that indigenous methods are not very effective in extension of shelf life of maize. It is therefore recommended that indigenous strategies should be documented and integrated with modern methods, proper cleaning and disinfection of indigenous facilities should be practice, wood shaving and rice husk should also be used as a source of energy amongst others.

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Pages: 220-234

Cite this Article: SUGH E.T., AHULE B.G., NKWAIN K.T. , "INDIGENOUS STRATEGIES OF SHELF LIFE EXTENSION OF MAIZE AMONG FARMERS IN NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Jun2020, Volume 6 - Issue 2, June 2020 Edition, 220-234 #JAEES