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Online ISSN: 2714-5018
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ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 6 - Issue 1, March 2020 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact the undersigned authors.

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GENDER ANALYSIS IN THE ADOPTION OF SWEETPOTATO VALUE ADDITION TECHNOLOGIES BY RURAL FARMERS IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: AGOH E., UKEJE B., NWAKOR F.N.

Abstracts: The study determined the influence of gender in the adoption of sweetpotato value addition technologies in Imo State, Nigeria. Multi –stage random sampling technique was used in the selection of male and female sweetpotato farmers in the study area. A sample size of 96 sweetpotato farmers comprising of 48 male and 48 female farmers were involved in the study area. Data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire. The result showed that, the mean age of male and female sweetpotato post-harvest processors were 40.71 years and 38.00 years respectively. From the result also the most adopted sweetpotato value added products by male farmers were sweetpotato chips with mean score of 3.31, sweetpotato flour with mean score of 3.10 and sweetpotato meat pie with mean score of 3.35, while the female farmers also adopted sweet potato chips with mean score of 3.33, sweet potato flour with mean score of 3.21, sweet potato starch with mean score of 3.56, and sweetpotato meat pie with mean score of 3.64 respectively. The major constraints encountered by male and female sweetpotato farmers in the study area were inadequate finance, and high cost of sweetpotato processing equipment. The adoption of sweetpotato value addition technologies had a significant impact on the livelihood and income level of both male and female farmers in the study area. Therefore, policies aimed at empowering farmers through training and extension of new sweet potato value addition technologies should be made available to the rural farmers in the study area.

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Pages: 1-9

Cite this Article: AGOH E., UKEJE B., NWAKOR F.N. , "GENDER ANALYSIS IN THE ADOPTION OF SWEETPOTATO VALUE ADDITION TECHNOLOGIES BY RURAL FARMERS IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 1-9 #JAEES


A STUDY ON ORANGE PRODUCTION AND ITS POST-HARVEST LOSSES AMONG FARMERS IN NORTH-EASTERN ZONE OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Authors:  AGWAZA T.A., IKWUBA A.A, WEGH F.S, ANGERA R.I

Abstracts: The study assessed orange production and its post-harvest losses among farmers in North-Eastern Zone of Benue State, Nigeria. The study adopted the duffusionist theory. Crosssectional design was employed. A sample of 313 respondents was drawn from a population of 1442 registered orange farmers using multi-stage sampling technique. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire. Data collected through this method were analysed using descriptive statistics to address research objectives, while paired sample t-test was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance and the result shows a significant difference (t(309) = 21.427, p < 0.05) between quantity of oranges harvested and quantity sold. Findings revealed that most orange plantations in the study area were within one hectare and less than a hectare (29.7% and 29.0% respectively). The cultivars grown were mostly Ibadan Sweet and Valencia (42.6%). An annual average of 22,164.6 50kg bags of oranges were harvested, 16,672.3 50kg bags were sold, while 5,492.3 50kg bags of oranges were lost. Findings revealed that the extent to which post-harvest losses of orange occurred in the area was as high as 21-30 per cent. These losses occurred in all the post-harvest stages of orange. However, plucking and bagging (31% and above) were the principal stages of post-harvest losses of orange. The study, therefore, recommended awareness and sensitisation creation on post-harvest losses management of orange among farmers, change in settlement pattern among the people of the study area, farmers before harvesting the fruits should endeavour to spread cushions around the tree canopies and harvest at the appropriate time of the day, possibly when the grounds are dry, as strategies to reduce post-harvest losses in the area.

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Pages: 10-24

Cite this Article:  AGWAZA T.A., IKWUBA A.A, WEGH F.S, ANGERA R.I , "A STUDY ON ORANGE PRODUCTION AND ITS POST-HARVEST LOSSES AMONG FARMERS IN NORTH-EASTERN ZONE OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 10-24 #JAEES


NEXUS BETWEEN POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN BENUE LOCAL COMMUNITIES

Authors:  AKPEHE G.A, R.E. DEWUA, L.A. KWAGHGA, J.I MASE

Abstracts: This paper discusses the nexus between poverty and environmental degradation and its implications on sustainable rural development in Benue State. Data for the study were elicited from 400 respondents across the three ecological zones in the State using semi structured questionnaire (SSQs).The study found that there is a strong nexus between poverty and environmental degradation, such that poverty is responsible for 76% of the high spate of environmental degradation in the study area. The study recommends introduction of environmental education for the rural populace to build their capacity on ways of managing available environmental resources in a sustainable manner, adoption of poverty coping strategies that are environmental friendly, diversification of sources of income to reduce over dependence on natural resources, nationwide campaign on “safe environment” to be extended to local communities and massive tree planting campaign to help fight desertification and erosion.

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Pages: 25-40

Cite this Article:  AKPEHE G.A, R.E. DEWUA, L.A. KWAGHGA, J.I MASE , "NEXUS BETWEEN POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN BENUE LOCAL COMMUNITIES", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 25-40 #JAEES


AN EVALUATION OF THE CAUSES OF POST-HARVEST LOSSES OF TOMATOES AND IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY OF FARMERS IN GBOKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Authors:  ANGERA R.I., IKWUBA A.A., AHULE B.G., AGWAZA T.A.

Abstracts: The study determined the causes of post-harvest losses of tomatoes and implications for socio-economic sustainability of farmers in Gboko LGA of Benue State, Nigeria. Survey design was employed for the study. A sample of 400 respondents was drawn from a population of 487,700 using cluster and purposive sampling techniques. The instruments for data collection were a structured questionnaire and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Data collected through these methods were analysed both quantitatively and qualitatively. Descriptive statistics was used to address research objectives, while Correlations was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that the major factors contributing to post-harvest losses of tomatoes in the study area were absence of tomato processing factories (33.5%) and inadequate transportation (27.5%). Findings revealed that the farmers lost means of livelihood (45.0%) generally as a result of post-harvest losses of tomatoes. Findings equally revealed that post-harvest losses of tomatoes have a great negative impact on socio-economic sustenance of the farmers such as income, feeding and health (p < 0.05). The study, therefore, recommended that tomato processing factories should be established in the affected area to avert most of these losses. Adequate vehicles for transporting tomatoes like cooling vans should be provided by Government and other stakeholders and good roads should be constructed and maintained by the government as it will lead to low cost of transportation and the problem of late arrival of vehicles could as well be tackled as measures reduce post-harvest losses of tomatoes in the area.

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Pages: 41-52

Cite this Article:  ANGERA R.I., IKWUBA A.A., AHULE B.G., AGWAZA T.A. , "AN EVALUATION OF THE CAUSES OF POST-HARVEST LOSSES OF TOMATOES AND IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY OF FARMERS IN GBOKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 41-52 #JAEES


ANALYSIS OF HOUSEHOLDS' PREFERENCE FOR HOMEGROWN RICE IN SOUTH EAST, NIGERIA

Authors:  ANYIM C.O., ODOEMELAM L.E.

Abstracts: This study investigated factors influencing consumer's preference for homegrown rice in South-East Agricultural zone. Households in South East Nigeria formed the population of the study. Multi-stage sampling procedure was employed in the selection of 120 respondents. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and focus group discussion, and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Major findings indicated that all socio-economic factors except education (0.0185) had a significant effect on consumer preference, while quality factors such as cleanness (0.036464**), aroma (0.41362*) and packaging were also significant determinant for preference for homegrown rice. Based on the findings of the study, the paper concluded that there is increased preference for quality homegrown rice. Hence, the need for more investment in the rice value chain, particularly the processing stage where quality standards remains the top most priority.

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Pages: 153-166

Cite this Article:  ANYIM C.O., ODOEMELAM L.E. , "ANALYSIS OF HOUSEHOLDS' PREFERENCE FOR HOMEGROWN RICE IN SOUTH EAST, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 153-166 #JAEES


ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF RETAIL AND WHOLESALE OF PROCESSED CASSAVA PRODUCTS IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Authors:  AYE G.C., BOGBENDA A., OKEREAFOR V.U.

Abstracts: Profit making is a determinant force in any marketing venture. Whether or not marketing players (agents) continue to grace a chosen product in the marketing web of any economy (society) relies maily on the profit yielding index and profitability prospects of such a commodity. This study analyzed the economics of retailing and wholesaling of processed cassava products in Benue State, Nigeria. More specifically, the study described the socioeconomic characteristics of marketers of processed cassava products; analyzed the profitability of processed cassava wholesaling and retailing and identified the major constraints in the marketing of processed cassava in the area. The study concluded that marketing of processed cassava products in Benue State is basically a female-related enterprise, that the business is profitable and basically constrained by cost and marketing factors.

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Pages: 53-62

Cite this Article:  AYE G.C., BOGBENDA A., OKEREAFOR V.U. , "ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF RETAIL AND WHOLESALE OF PROCESSED CASSAVA PRODUCTS IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 53-62 #JAEES


IMPACT ANALYSIS OF THE ADOPTION OF MOTORIZED FRUIT BUNCH HARVESTER BY OIL PALM FARMERS IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

Authors:  BASSEY J.I., JOY C.O.

Abstracts: The study analyzed the impact of the adoption of motorized fruit bunch harvester by oil palm farmers in Cross River State, Nigeria. Two-stage sampling procedure was used to select a sample size of 180 respondents. Primary data were collected using structured interview schedule and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study revealed that many (50%) of the farmers were at the adoption stage, the mean time two minutes, 30secondsand cost (–N11.88 of harvesting of adopters) was less than that of non-adopters (four minutes, 30seconds and N7.16). It further revealed that high cost of motorized fruit bunch harvester and inadequate handling skillswere perceived by farmers as factors militating against adoption of motorized fruit bunch harvester. It was recommended that subsidy be provided to help bring down the cost of motorized fruit bunch harvester to further enhance adoption.

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Pages: 63-72

Cite this Article:  BASSEY J.I., JOY C.O. , "IMPACT ANALYSIS OF THE ADOPTION OF MOTORIZED FRUIT BUNCH HARVESTER BY OIL PALM FARMERS IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 63-72 #JAEES


RURAL HOUSEHOLDS PERCEPTION OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE IN IMPROVING LIVELIHOODS AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN SOUTHEAST, NIGERIA

Authors:  IGWE C.O.K., IGWE K.C., NZEAKOR F.C.

Abstracts: The study assessed rural household's perception of the contribution of rural infrastructure in improving livelihoods among households in southeast, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used in selecting 324 Respondents for the study. Data were collected through structured questionnaire and were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics such as ANOVA and simple regression model. The result shows a mean age of the respondents was 45 years, mean number of years spent in school was12.3 years, mean income of N88, 546.75 and a mean household size of 6 persons in a family. The grand mean of 2.4 shows a good present condition of the rural infrastructure in the study area. The ANOVA result showed no significant difference in the respondents rating of the contributions of rural infrastructure in improving livelihoods among rural households across the States. The study concludes that, there was no difference in the contribution of rural infrastructure in improving livelihoods among households in Southeast, Nigeria and recommends that, Policy makers should emphasize in their developmental programmes the need to encourage the development of rural infrastructural facilities in southeast, Nigeria since the contribution of rural infrastructure in improving livelihoods in Southeast, Nigeria was the same across the States.

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Pages: 82-96

Cite this Article:  IGWE C.O.K., IGWE K.C., NZEAKOR F.C. , "RURAL HOUSEHOLDS PERCEPTION OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE IN IMPROVING LIVELIHOODS AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN SOUTHEAST, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 82-96 #JAEES


COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CEREAL CROP FARMERS IN THE USAGE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN BENUE AND NASARAWA STATES, NIGERIA

Authors:  KUGHUR P.G., OBINNE C.P.O., ODIAKA E.C.

Abstracts: The study analyzed the socio-economic characteristics of cereal crop farmers in the usage of social media in Benue and Nasarawa States, Nigeria. Data were collected from primary sources through administration of structured questionnaire on 251 farmers' selected using purposive random sampling technique. Data analyses were achieved using descriptive statistics and Logit regression. Results on perceived benefits of used of social media indicated that all the attributes loaded high with mean score of above 2.50, the highest was reduced cost of obtaining information (x=3.74) and least was ease of communication (x=3.11). Similarly, results on perceived factors that influenced the use of social media revealed that all the attributes except ease of use (Benue x=3.35and Nasarwa (x=2.45) and relatively low cost (Benue x= 1.98 and Nasarwa x= 2.31) influenced social media usage among the cereal crop farmers. Pooled results indicated that all the attributes except ease of use (x= 2.39) and relatively low cost (x= 2.12) influenced the use of social media among rural cereal crop farmers. The results of Logit regression showed that non-farm income (0.005)and membership of association (0.006) had positive and significant effects on the use of social media. Results of Mann-Whitney test indicated that there was a significant difference in the usage of Instagram (0.00479, p < 0.010) in Benue and Nasarawa States. It is recommended that communication companies should reduce the cost of recharge cards/data, government should provide electricity to reduce the high cost of charging phones, the public and private sectors should create awareness on social media skills and government and Nongovernmental organizations should provide adult education to the farmers to improve their literacy level.

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Pages: 97-111

Cite this Article:  KUGHUR P.G., OBINNE C.P.O., ODIAKA E.C. , "COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CEREAL CROP FARMERS IN THE USAGE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN BENUE AND NASARAWA STATES, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 97-111 #JAEES


ASSESSMENT OF INFORMATION SOURCES FOR POSTHARVEST AND VALUE ADDITION TECHNOLOGIES AMONG COCOA FARMERS IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

Authors:  MADUKA O.A., ODOEMELAM L.E., JAMES A.E.

Abstracts: The study assessed the sources of information on post-harvest and value-addition technologies among cocoa farmers in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling procedure was employed in the selection of 114 cocoa farmers. A well-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive statistics such as percentages and mean were used in data analysis. The result reveals that the cocoa farmers sourced information on post harvest and value addition technologies more from radio (20.18%), television (12.28%), extension agents (22.81%) and other farmers (30.70%). The farmers preferred to source information about these technologies from extension agents (x =2.51), fellow farmers (x=2.50) and radio (x2.49) but the least used was the internet (x = 1.17). The challenges faced by the respondents include irregular extension visits (85.09%), irregular power supply (93.86%), high cost of data (75.44%), poor network access/coverage (68.42%), among others. Improving access to information and communication technology (ICT) especially modern ICTs like the internet has the capability of increasing the farmers' performance in the area of processing. It was therefore recommended that programmes on these technologies should be aired more frequently, and devices with internet access should be subsidized so farmers can afford them.

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Pages: 112-120

Cite this Article:  MADUKA O.A., ODOEMELAM L.E., JAMES A.E. , "ASSESSMENT OF INFORMATION SOURCES FOR POSTHARVEST AND VALUE ADDITION TECHNOLOGIES AMONG COCOA FARMERS IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 112-120 #JAEES


EFFECT OF WATER SOURCES ON STUNTING OF UNDER FIVE CHILDREN IN NIGERIA

Authors:  OBEKPA H.O., ABU G.A., AYE G.C.

Abstracts: The study assessed the sources of information on post-harvest and value-addition technologies among cocoa farmers in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling procedure was employed in the selection of 114 cocoa farmers. A well-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive statistics such as percentages and mean were used in data analysis. The result reveals that the cocoa farmers sourced information on post harvest and value addition technologies more from radio (20.18%), television (12.28%), extension agents (22.81%) and other farmers (30.70%). The farmers preferred to source information about these technologies from extension agents (x =2.51), fellow farmers (x=2.50) and radio (x2.49) but the least used was the internet (x = 1.17). The challenges faced by the respondents include irregular extension visits (85.09%), irregular power supply (93.86%), high cost of data (75.44%), poor network access/coverage (68.42%), among others. Improving access to information and communication technology (ICT) especially modern ICTs like the internet has the capability of increasing the farmers' performance in the area of processing. It was therefore recommended that programmes on these technologies should be aired more frequently, and devices with internet access should be subsidized so farmers can afford them.

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Pages: 121-127

Cite this Article:  OBEKPA H.O., ABU G.A., AYE G.C. , "EFFECT OF WATER SOURCES ON STUNTING OF UNDER FIVE CHILDREN IN NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 121-127 #JAEES


TRAINING NEEDS ASSESSMENT OF WOMEN CO-OPERATIVE MEMBERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Authors:  OBINNA LEO O., MBAGWU GODWIN N.I.

Abstracts: The study assessed training needs of women- cooperative members in Abia State, Nigeria. The study made use of survey design and primary data generated through the use of structured questionnaire and participant observations. A sample size of 160 respondents realized via a multi- stage sampling procedure was used for the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that the types of women cooperatives functional in the study area included mostly: thrifts and loan (93.8 %). The benefits women members derived from their cooperatives included among others improvement of their standard of living (x=3.1). Results further showed that members had moderate level of perceptions on women cooperatives (x=2.0 - 2.9). Results equally showed that the types of training required by women members included mostly training on entrepreneurship (x= 2.9). The study therefore, concluded that any training that would be conducted in the study area towards empowering the women through their cooperatives must be centered on the above areas of their interests and felt needs in order for such trainings to be impactful and effective. The study therefore recommends that government agencies, NGOs and other stakeholders in rural development who empower women through training by their cooperatives must do so in line with their felt training needs mostly in the study area.

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Pages: 128-137

Cite this Article:  OBINNA LEO O., MBAGWU GODWIN N.I. , "TRAINING NEEDS ASSESSMENT OF WOMEN CO-OPERATIVE MEMBERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 128-137 #JAEES


EFFECT OF MARKETING INTERMEDIARIES ON PRICING OF TOMATO IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Authors:  OCHOLI A., NYIATAGHER Z.T., ATIM T.

Abstracts: The study identified the effect of marketing intermediaries on pricing of Tomato in Benue state, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was employed to select 150 tomato marketers in the study area. Primary data were collected using well-structured questionnaire administered to respondents. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, pricing efficiency and Gini coefficient. The study revealed that majority (52%) of the respondents were male, 52% were married with a mean age of 39years and a mean income of N48,523.33. The result further showed pricing efficiency of 1.84 indicating that the product was efficient in the study area; a Gini Coefficient of 0.41 indicating that there is inequitable distribution of income, which is a reflection of inefficiency in the market structure for tomato in the study area. Storage facilities and capital problems constituted the greatest challenge faced by Tomato Marketers in the area. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that Benue State Government should come up with strategies that will reduce the market power concentration in the hands of few marketers through policies that encourage competition and improved welfare. This may be achieved by providing funds and physical market facilities to the marketers.

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Pages: 138-152

Cite this Article:  OCHOLI A., NYIATAGHER Z.T., ATIM T. , "EFFECT OF MARKETING INTERMEDIARIES ON PRICING OF TOMATO IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 138-152 #JAEES


FACTORS INFLUENCING THE DEMAND FOR FISH PROTEIN AMONG RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN BAYELSA STATE, NIGERIA

Authors:  OKRINGBO J.I., IBENEME G.C., OMINIKARI A.G., UKOHOL F.Y.

Abstracts: The study highlighted the factors influencing the demand for fish protein among rural households in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. The study employed the simple random sampling technique in selecting 150respondents. Data for the study were collected through the use of questionnaire and were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistic (multiple regression). The result of the study showed that the respondents were between the ages of 40 years. Moderate proportion (40%) of the rural farmers earn between N21,000- N30,000 monthly. On the various perceived problems that militated against demand for fish protein in rural households are: insufficient capital for investment in fish production(x=4.3) and polluted water bodies as a result of oil spill (x=4.3) were recognized as the problem rural household's encounter in pursuit to satisfy their dietary “fish protein” requirement. The multiple regression showed that price of fish protein positively influenced its demand (2.20%; p < 0.05). The paper concluded that the demand for fish protein among rural households was influenced by insufficient capital. The study recommended that Government and multinational oil companies operating in the rural areas should provide credit facilities to the fish farmers in the state so as to ensure the availability of fish protein among the rural households and, also, due to the in-availability of land for establishing fish farms in the rural areas.

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Pages: 74-81

Cite this Article:  OKRINGBO J.I., IBENEME G.C., OMINIKARI A.G., UKOHOL F.Y. , "FACTORS INFLUENCING THE DEMAND FOR FISH PROTEIN AMONG RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN BAYELSA STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 74-81 #JAEES


FINANCIAL COMPETITIVENESS OF RICE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

Authors:  SULE B.A., COKER A.A.A.

Abstracts: In recent years, the Nigerian Government has increased the attention paid to rice as one of the options in its drive to attain self-sufficiency in food production and reduce its huge import bills. This has led to the implementation of numerousprograms and projects that haveraised questionsabout whether the Government is achieving its goals. The Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) methodology for private profitability is used in this study to ascertain the competitiveness of rice production systems in Kebbi State, Nigeria. Using primary data collected in 2018 for the 2017 cropping season, average data points were used in estimating the variables for the analysis. PAM indicators used include Private Profits (PP), andPrivate Cost Ratio (PCR).The values of the PP were found to be positive for all rice production systems which indicatecompetitiveness given current market prices and policy transfers.The study recommends policies that would reduce costs of domestic inputs such as land and those that would lead to increased level of output through provision of improved technology.

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Pages: 167-165

Cite this Article:  SULE B.A., COKER A.A.A. , "FINANCIAL COMPETITIVENESS OF RICE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 167-165 #JAEES


POST-HARVEST LOSSES OF FLUTED PUMPKIN (TELFAIRIA OCCIDENTALIS HOOK. F) AND ITS IMPLICATION ON THE INCOME OF SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN BENUE STATE.

Authors:  TOR A., AKPEHE G.

Abstracts: The main thrust of this research was to assess post-harvest losses (PHLs) of fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis Hook. F) and its effect on the income of smallholder farmers in Benue State. Data for the study were sourced from 400 respondents drawn from fluted pumpkin farmers across the three agricultural zones of the state using survey method. The collected data were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study found out that there wereseveral factors responsible for the spoilage of fluted pumpkin in Benue State, however, 94.5% of spoilage is caused by poor handling of produce. It was also found that the volume of post-harvest losses of fluted pumpkin has affected the income status of small holder farmers by 72%. The study therefore recommended that improved post-harvest handling technology should be adopted by fluted pumpkin farmers; rural farmers can also form farmers' cooperatives and initiate self-help strategies to guide against PHLs of fluted pumpkin and also advocate for public education on the benefits of horticultural crops consumption and the introduction of community-based farmers networking for knowledge sharing among others.

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Pages: 188-202

Cite this Article:  TOR A., AKPEHE G. , "POST-HARVEST LOSSES OF FLUTED PUMPKIN (TELFAIRIA OCCIDENTALIS HOOK. F) AND ITS IMPLICATION ON THE INCOME OF SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN BENUE STATE.", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 188-202 #JAEES


DIETARY DIVERSITY AND FOOD CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE OF FISHING HOUSEHOLDS IN MBO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

Authors:  UWEM C.A., MBUK A.A., AKANINYENE E. BASSEY

Abstracts: The study assessed the dietary diversity and food consumption expenditure of fishing households in Mbo Local Government of Akwa Ibom State. Primary data used for the study were collected using structured questionnaire. A combination of purposive (high concentration of fishing households), stratified (based on the clans)and simple random sampling technique (at village level to reduce bias) was used to select 120 fishing households. Data collected were analyzed usingmean, frequency, percentages, simple regression analysis, Dietary Diversity Scores, and Pearson Product Moment Correlation.Result of socioeconomic characteristics shows mean age of 38.8 years, female majority (52.5%), mostly married (60.0%) with household size 1-3 people, majority 43.3% had Senior Secondary Certificate,fishing experience of six and half years. Average monthly income wasN37, 800. Result of simple regression shows that a thousand naira increase in food consumption expenditure will lead to a 0.2% increase in dietary diversity. Result of Dietary Diversity Score was 80.8% and consideredmoderate. The result of Pearson Product Moment Correlation shows a significant positive but weak relationship between daily food expenditure and dietary diversity.The study recommended that the policy makers should focuson investment geared towards improving the living standard of every household as well as conducting similar study during other seasons and locations to provide changing dietary diversity and household's consumption expenditure from time to time.It was concluded that dietary diversity of fishing households in the study area was generally good and significantly associated with food consumption despite many respondents who fell below recommended dietary thresholds.

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Pages: 176-187

Cite this Article:  UWEM C.A., MBUK A.A., AKANINYENE E. BASSEY , "DIETARY DIVERSITY AND FOOD CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE OF FISHING HOUSEHOLDS IN MBO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Science (JAEES), http://www.jaees.org/online-papers-publishing/Mar2020, Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2020 Edition, 176-187 #JAEES